Variety under open skies and friendly Alabama folks. Those are the things people like best about the Alabama Scenic River Trail. If you're going to explore your own state a little more, take advantage of our programs for paddlers, or just need help setting up for an Alabama paddling adventure, the following information is a great place to start.

Things that Alabama Scenic River Trail travelers should know:

  • For powerboaters on the Alabama River, there is no fuel above from Bobby's Fish Camp on the Tombigbee River near its confluence with the Alabama River.
  • Outfitters/Adventure Services: In the last few years, we've seen phenomenal growth in the number of places that people can rent a boat, gear and have a shuttle provided. Here is a roster with the outfitters we are aware of. If you are aware of others, please contact with that information. 
  • Locks at the dams on the Alabama River are no longer open for use by recreational traffic 24/7. For information about a particular lock and its operation, you can call the respective lockmasters at these numbers: 
  1. Robert F. Henry Lock & Dam 334 872 9525
  2. Millers Ferry Lock & Dam 334 682 4877
  3. Claiborne Lock & Dam 251 282 4575
  4. If no answer at these numbers, contact the US Army Corps of Engineers  205-752-3571, Mr. Anthony Perkins
The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources has put together a website listing lots of information on 37 Alabama waterways at this link.

Extent of the Alabama Scenic River Trail

The Trail passes many points of historic interest, all of which are described in Trail Guides that are now available. These guides include information on all aspects of the Trail.
Map showing the sections of the Alabama Scenic River Trail
The route begins in the mountainous terrain of northeastern Alabama, flows through beautiful scenery in nine lakes, through the serenity of the second largest river delta in the United States, through Mobile Bay, terminating at historic Ft. Morgan.

Total mileage on the original "core" trail and its major tributaries is about 2,000 miles, with over 5,300 miles oficially adopted into the trail. 

Read the  following article and familiarize yourself with the trail. Then carefully plan your trip using the Campsite resource on this website. Be sure to call on any of our Trail Angels if you might need planning or traveling assistance along the way.

Above: This overview map shows the four main sections of the Alabama Scenic River Trail's original 631 miles historic "core" trail. Of course there are many other spurs and some waterways not directly connected to the core. Many of them are beautiful to paddle and and there are well-loved powerboat destinations in their own right. Guidebooks with detailed maps have been produced for the main sections show above, and are available for sale on this website.

Above: A state map with ASRT's ten districts and the waterways they contain. To find the ASRT District Director contact information for each district, click here. To find ASRT Trail Angel contact information for each section, click here. To find a list of outfitters that serve each section, click here.

District 1/Northwest District Paddling

Bear Creeks—Upper Bear Creek and Little Bear Creek, Franklin County

Upper Bear Creek
From the North running down to the dam is Mon Dye Ramp about two miles above Bates Landing. Mon Dye Ramp will be above the new Highway 13 Bridge when it is completed, and Bates landing will be just below it where the sandstone bluffs of the Cumberland Plateau end. Bates Landing is for day use only; no camping is allowed. From here it is about twelve miles to Twin Pines Ramp and Twin Pines Campground, and both of those like just above the dam. The area offers excellent water recreation. Twin Pines Campground is spacious and beautiful, accommodating every type of camping and is the only camping area in this part of Upper Bear Creek Reservoir. The campground features bathrooms with showers.

Quarter Creek Ramp
Some ten miles to the east of the dam on the Upper Bear Reservoir is the Quarter Creek Ramp. Quarter Creek features a ramp only, there are no other facilities here though a beach and pavilion are very close by.

Bear Creek Dam (see below) provides the only recreational release of water in north Alabama and it the weekend release of this water between Memorial Day and Labor Day that makes this such a popular stretch to paddle. 

Upper Bear Creek, before it falls off the Cumberland Plateau below the dam, runs through deep tight valleys with plentiful sandstone outcroppings. The effect is beautiful and unusual. The banks of both arms of Upper Bear Creek bear hemlock and big leaf magnolia that blooms in May following the April-blooming mountain laurel.

The weekend recreational release transforms the creek. Beginning on Friday evening, the dam begins to release water and will fill the sparse creek beds that normally flow about 11 cubic feet per second (cfs). By Monday morning the flow will be 200 cfs and the level will have added about a foot and a half to the depths. The flow will continue though Sunday afternoon unless Monday is a holiday and in that case will continue through the holiday daylight. The speed of the water below the dam makes a big difference in the time you will spend on the creek. If the recreational flow is not running, you will travel at your paddling speed plus the usual delays of low water, so adjust your trip time accordingly. 

Upper Bear Creek Dam
Upper Bear Creek Dam between Haleyville and Hackleburg sits in the vee formed by two branches, one coming from the East and the other from the North, both impounded above the Upper Bear Creek Dam just off Highway 5. This area is known as Upper Bear Creek because the creek runs west from here into Mississippi, tilting about 10 feet per mile and leaving the upland Cumberland Plateau, the geological end of Sand Mountain, for the Lower Bear Creek Reservoir that flows through the town of Red Bay.

Highway 5 Ramp
The best put-in to enjoy the recreational flow is the Highway 5 Ramp. A short drive from the Twin Pines campground on the other side of the dam, the Ramp is clean and accessible with ample parking. 

Twin Pines Campground and Twin Pines Ramp
Below the ramp will be numerous shoals and class I to III rapids with a class VI portage at Factory Falls that is mandatory and an optional portage at Old Mill Falls.

Mill Falls 
Guide, shuttle and rental services are available through Bear Creek Canoe Run Outfitters at 36676 US-43 Phil Campbell, AL 35581 (205) 993-4459. From Highway 5 Access to the Mill Creek Ramp is about two miles. Six or seven miles below Mill Creek access is Rock Quarry Branch access. Though Highway 17 crosses Bear Creek about a third of the way to Military Bridge, there is no longer access there. Take out at Military Bridge or be prepared to paddle slow-moving waters to Scott Bridge access.

From the Highway 5 access there is no camping or even the right to get out of the boat onto the bank, though there are normally plenty spots to stand up in the creek.

Mill Creek Access
The most popular paddle on this stretch of the creek is from Mill Creek to Rock Quarry Branch access. At about mile 2.5 there is a class II slide with a wave at the top and bottom. Below this is Factory Falls.

Factory Falls—Mandatory Portage

Rock Quarry Branch Access
Below Rock Quarry is only a hint of current until Highway 43, below which there is intermittent shoals. The float from here to Military Bridge is scenic and largely natural.

Military Bridge
This road was created by Andrew Jackson’s army as a means to reach New Orleans where he engaged the British army.

Scott Bridge 
Scott Bridge is the last access in the area. It is a natural mud bank with no improvements.

About 16 miles down from Scott Bridge the twisting Bear transitions from valleys to plains as it approaches Lower Bear Creek Dam. Camping is not likely possible along the way.

Little Bear Creek Reservoir

Little Bear Creek Dam access
The tailwater of Little Bear Creek Dam can be access by a good road adjacent to the spillway. This float can end up in downtown Red Bay, Alabama, 13 miles away or can continue on to the canoe trails around Tishomingo, Mississippi. The tailwater access below the dam should be avoided during high rainfall conditions as the deep valley can fill with little warning if levels have to be lowered to avoid floods. If you are already underway you will outrun the danger, however.

Red Bay
Red Bay, Alabama is the last place in or out of Bear Creek before the Mississippi-Alabama State line. Red Bay has in-town camping and amenities at the Dixie Youth Park Recreation Complex which includes the town’s ball fields. There is a primitive camping area, restrooms with water and electricity. Dixie Youth Park is situated in a deep bend in the creek, with one access (the better one) on the approach to the bend, and primitive camping and a second access leaving it. Between the two access points is a popular sandbar on the Red Bay side of the creek. It is a two mile walk to town center via Waldrep Street.

Red Bay Primitive Camping—Dixie Youth Park
Highway 25 and County Road 25 provide the primary access between the put-in and the take-out.

Elliot Branch Campground
The campground and an adjacent ramp are located on a point just above  Little Bear Creek Dam. It is one of the premiere camping situation on any part of Bear Creek. Elliot Branch offers cabins, a swim beach, a camp store, full service campground, day use area and picnic area. The campground is accessed by County Road 88 which runs into Highway 24. The Elliot Branch complex is on the South bank of the creek.

McAfee TVA Ramp
A mile above Elliot Branch on the North bank of the creek is McAfee TVA Ramp.

Williams Hollow Ramp
Approximately three miles above the dam on the North bank of the creek. It features a public TVA ramp with an associated BCDA swim beach.

District 2/North Central District Paddling
The Tennessee River from beyond Bridgeport to Ditto Landing
Facing the "Island Challenge."

Randy Griffin, avid Tennessee River paddler and all-around helpful guy--and his friends--completed the first leg of a three-legged run of the Tennessee River from just beyond the upstream state line to Huntsville’s Ditto Landing (if historic river trade had remained what it had been, we might be saying “Ditto Landing’s Huntsville,” but that’s another story), camping on islands along the way. In fact, the project is known among invitees as the “Island Challenge.” 

The trip was wonderfully documented by Huntsville Canoe Club’s Carla Knight and can be downloaded here.

Tennessee River Suggested Daytrip

Spy wildlife on the Tennessee River. Located on the Tennes­see River between Huntsville and Decatur, the 35,400-acre Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge is a big resort for wintering and migrating birds. Around 300 species of birds have been documented on the reserve, including sandhill and whooping cranes and, occasionally, bald eagles. The birds you'll likely spy vary by season. A two-story observation building faced with one-way mirror glass allows you to look in on the action. High season for the millions of Wheeler's feathered visitors are the first few weeks of each new year. Don't believe there are alligators this far north? Do the following.
Plan your trip: From Highway 20 (Interstate 565 and Interstate 65 between Huntsville and Decatur), take the Mooresville exit south and turn right at the dead end in town. Drive about a quarter mile to a gravel road to the left. Follow the gravel road two miles to Arrow­ head Ramp, your put-in. Strike out from here on a compass course of about 330 degrees to cross Limestone Bay into the slot of Alligator Alley (yes, they are there). The narrowing slough opposite terminates just hundreds of feet from downtown Mooresville (sorry, no boat
access) at a small waterfall.

​Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge
Highway 67,  Decatur AL 35603

District 3/Northeast District Paddling
Paddling the "Historic Core" Trail

This is the part you've most likely heard of—the legendary run from the Alabama-Georgia State Line to the salty waves of the Gulf of Mexico and so much in between.

The first place within the state with amenities for the boater—lodging, camping, food, fuel and access to the Coosa—is Riverside Campground and Motel (256 779 8365) in Cedar Bluff, about three miles in from the Georgia line. The campground is considered the de facto trailhead of the Alabama Scenic River Trail, whose 631 miles of riverway will terminate at Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay. This marina and others in the area will be the last source of fuel for the powerboater for many miles.

Above: a group takes a lunch break during a multi-day paddle tour of Weiss Lake below Centre on the Coosa River. 

Hopping down the lakes of the Coosa means hopping around the dams of the Alabama Power Company. All of these lakes, in order from the state line south—Weiss Lake, Neely Henry Lake, Logan Martin Lake, Lay Lake, Mitchell Lake and Jordan Lake—along with their respective dams, offer no trouble to the powerboater wishing to trailer around the dams. Paddlers will find adequate portage at each dam with the exception of Mitchell Dam, whose topography is so steep that a portage would require superhuman strength. Given that most of us paddling Alabama rivers are mere mortals, a shuttle has been arranged by the organizers of the Alabama Scenic River Trail. Paddlers in need of a shuttle around Mitchell Dam should contact G.R.A.C.E.’s Marina (punctuation shown is correct… the marina’s name is a combination of the family’s initials) at 205 280 4110. There will be a modest charge to cover mileage on this twelve mile ride, and be sure to give 24 hours notice if possible.

Above: Yellow Creek Falls near Leesburg, less than half a mile's paddle from the Public Ramp five miles northwest of Leesburg on Highway 273. This 90-foot gash of white water falls off of the plateau of Shinbone Ridge into a swimming hole on Yellow Creek near its confluence with the Coosa River. Yellow Creek is the next creek entering the Coosa past Little River, which cuts through the large and famous canyon there. 
Suggested Yellow Creek Falls Daytrip
Paddle and hike to a waterfall on (kid-friendly) Yellow Creek.This easy, short paddle takes you upstream through the ruins of a giant stone railroad bridge where you can paddle to the rock gardens and beach below the house-sized boulders. A short hike leads to 100-foot Yellow Creek Falls, which tumble  into a clear blue hole that's perfect for swimming.  You can start after breakfast, do the whole thing, and be back by lunch-but bring lunch along, you'll regret missing the picnic opportunity.
Plan your trip:  Put in at the public ramp near Leesburg on County Road 273 and paddle upstream about three-quarters of a mile. At the giant stone trestles, secure your boat on the boulders and hike up the trail (unmarked  but obvious) about one quarter-mile to reach Yellow Creek Falls. Make more of your trip by camping at nearby Driftwood Campground and paddle the seven miles to the falls via Weiss Lake's big water.

Driftwood Campground
500 County Road 600, Cedar Bluff AL 35959
(256) 526-8069
Powerboats: Heed the navigation aids on the Coosa

The Coosa River is one of the most well-endowed rivers in the state for navigation aids, and there’s a reason for that that boaters should pay attention to.

If you don’t see a channel marker, you’re probably in the wrong part of the river. Consult your map or GPS to determine where you should be. Carto-Craft Map Company makes excellent maps with bathymetric markings (the underwater equivalent of the contour lines on a topographic land map) but even this shouldn’t be relied upon as the sole navigation aid. The upper Coosa, well-marked as it is, is no river to be on without a depth finder.

Terrapin Creek

Above: Chief Ladiga Trail Campground is a great place (arguably the only place) to use as a base of operations to explore and paddle the Terrapin environs. The Campground (3180 County Road 94 Piedmont, Mile 35 on the Chief Ladiga Cycling Trail 256 282 2370) is a beautiful 20-acre site where the Alabama Scenic River Trail, the Chief Ladiga Cycling Trail and the Pinhoti Hiking trail amazingly converge and are all accessible from. From this campground beneath Oakey Mountain, the adventurer can cycle to Atlanta, hike to Maine on the AT, or paddle to the Gulf of Mexico.

The well-loved Terrapin Creek empties the cleanest water into the Coosa River that it receives anywhere along its length. The Terrapin is twisty and quick with plenty of shoals, rocks and whitewater spots to make for a few fun hours and long enough for a multi-day trip. In 2011, the Alabama Scenic River Trail designed and created access improvements over fifty of the most-used miles of the Terrapin through a grant by the Recreational Trails Program of the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Development (ADECA).

Above: Steel steps with kayak slide was one of a number of ASRT-designed, ADECA Recreational Trails Program-funded improvements made on Terrapin Creek during 2010-2011.

Above: A future paddler stands below one of eight Terrapin Creek Guide Signs created by the Alabama Scenic River Trail with funding from ADECA's Recreational Trails Program. The signs are part of a program there have been installed to descrive virtually every segment of the Alabama Scenic River Trail.

If you're interested in doing all or part of the Terrapin, be sure to study the map below and check out the area outfitters.

Terrapin Creek Suggested Paddles

The Terrapin is twisty and quick with plenty of shoals, rocks and whitewater spots to make for a few fun hours and long enough for a multi-day trip. Paddling possibilities begin at the CR 49 Bridge in Borden  Springs. This fairly swift stretch takes out at Chief Ladiga Campground  at Vigo. Paddlers just below this point should be prepared for up to Class III whitewater.  The CR 70 Bridge near Piedmont is the next takeout just a few miles below. Between CR 70 and Stewarts Bridge at CR 8 is a developed put-in at the Piedmont Water Treatment Plant. Beware of a concrete dam here. The popular run below Stewarts Bridge is served by a number  of outfitters.
Plan your trip: Put in at Stewart Bridge where it crosses Terrapin on County Road 8 off Highway 9 just above Piedmont for about a six hour float down to the outfitters when the level is good. When there isn't a decent flow in this area, put in at the outfitters and take out in Ellisville at the Highway 9 bridge (hay have to pay fees in and out if you're not a customer at one of the outfitters). If the flow is great, put in at the County Road 49 Bridge in Borden Springs and take out at Chief Ladiga Trail Campground. If you go past that, be prepared for up to Class III whitewater.
Chief Ladiga Trail Campground
Confluence of Terrapin Creek, Chief Ladiga cyding and Pinhoti hiking trails
3180 County Road 94,  Piedmont AL
(256) 282 2370
DeSoto State Park (256) 845 9605

Eubanks Welcome Center (Piedmont) Chief Ladiga Cycling Trail
(256) 927-8455

Nelson's Redneck Yacht Club
3850 County Road 175 Piedmont AL
(256) 447-8690,  (256) 504-8690

No Worries Kayak Rentals
3180 AL Highway 9 South Piedmont AL 36272
(256) 447-3773

Terrapin Outdoor Center
4114 County Road 175 Piedmont AL
(256) 447-8383

The Gadsden Area

Gadsden’s City Marina is has recently undergone renovations to greatly improve its amenities. The proximity of public ramps to the city center makes it easy to boat over and walk to a great meal and nearby shopping. Call Gadsden Parks and Recreation Department at 256 549 4680 for more information.

Above: The City of Gadsden has transformed itself into a boating mecca by integrating the city's parks and recreation and Chamber of Commerce events into its river life. The excellent Ray Park under Interstate Spur 759 provided by Alabama Power Company didn't hurt, either. From the park, paddlers and powerboaters have access to malls, restaurants and all else the town offers.


District 4/West Central District Paddling

The Black Warrior River and its tributaries between Tuscaloosa and Moundville (with map inset showing route and features from Moundville to Demopolis)

The Black Warrior River begins in the last hills of the Appalachian Mountains and flows across the fall line near Holt Lock and Dam not far from Tuscaloosa, the largest town on the river. Below that city its flat water meanders through coastal plain. The river is at its most interesting and most beautiful where it is impounded over the fall line on Holt Lake. The fall line demarcates the end of the underlying sandstone formation of north Alabama and neighboring states. South of the fall line is coastal plain to the Gulf of Mexico. Within Alabama its course can be plotted on the map by connecting the falls at Tallassee, Moccasin Gap at Wetumpka, the shoals of the Cahaba and the now-submerged falls below Holt Dam. The resulting arc through the state was the end of navigation for marine life as well as humans who used the rivers for navigation. It was near Holt Dam on the Black Warrior that the fall line demanded damming to end the impossibility of shipping. Gone beneath the river are the once-mighty falls, the Indian trails, and the shoals. What still stands to represent the effects of the fall line are the steep cliffs, stacked in placed as evenly bricks, and the variety of unique and dazzlingly tenacious plants that love the region and never gave up their place here.

The rare Alabama croton abounds, its glossy-yellow green leaves (turning a fiery orange in the fall) a colorful skirt on the steep banks where they meet the water for several miles above the dam. Native oak leaf hydrangea cascades down the banks above the Alabama croton, and crowded above the hydrangea are blazing fringe tree, coreopsis and wafer ash, cedar, dogwood and Virginia pine on these unlikely walls of rotten stone.


Blue Creek Ramp (Map A-5)
Paved and dirt roads lead to the camp on the West bank of the Black Warrior. Upper parking and primitive camping area, off water, offers magnificent views of the lake below. Fishing excellent, spacious lower tent camping area. Large paved parking area. Primitive restrooms. Across the river from Burchfield Park immediately downriver from Bankhead Lock and Dam.

Burchfield Branch Recreation Area (Map A-5)
Large facility below Bankhead Lock and Dam on the East bank of the Black Warrior. Swimming, camping, fishing, immense ramp and day use facilities with pier. Some full service camping areas.

Lock 15 Ramp (Map B-4)
Parking area, pier and ramp on West bank of the Black Warrior River about five miles below Bankhead Dam and Burchfield Park and Blue Creek Ramp. Restrooms, no camping.

Daniel Creek Public Use Area (Map C-5)
Rock Quarry Landing Public Use Area (Map D-5)

Rocky Branch Park (Map D-4)
USACE tent campground off of ramp and parking lot seven miles downriver from Lock 15 Ramp on East bank of the Black Warrior River. Bathrooms and water. Across the river from Deerlick Creek Campground.

Deerlick Creek Park (Map D-4)
Excellent USACE campground with full hookups and primitive camping on the West bank of the Black Warrior River less than a mile downstream and across the river from Rocky Branch Ramp. Closed winter. Campground is accessible from ramp via a long steep climb of about half a mile on paved road. Launch fee at ramp. Campground host on site. Ramp has its own restroom facilities. 1.5 miles above Holt Dam.

Fosters Landing (Map F-1)
Turn off of Highway 43 on Glass House Road just above the community of Fosters to find Fosters Landing. Lighted parking, security cameras in use, full concrete ramp. No amenities. About seventeen miles downriver from central Tuscaloosa.

Moundville (Map H-2)
Access is at the River Branch Ramp adjacent to the Moundville Archaeological Park. Moundville is about thirteen miles below Fosters Landing. The park is on the site of an ancient native American center of trade and religion that was the largest city in the hemisphere, with the exception of Mexico City, peaking in population 800 years ago. The many astonishing mounds were residential platforms for royal family and clan cheifs. They still exist to be viewed and walked and an excellent interpretive museum with gift shop and coffee shop can be enjoyed. A full service campground is in the park.


Lake Nicol Park (Map C-3)

Scenic picnic area and paddle launch with small boat ramp at this uppermost of two lakes that are formed by dams on Yellow Creek before it empties into the Black Warrior River at Holt Lock and Dam. Adjacent to a neighborhood. Operating hours preclude overnight camping. Heading south from the park, boaters will encounter some of the most beautiful scenery in the state in less than a mile from the ramp. Features include bluffs and cliffs, and large rock gardens and islands to be seen from the water. The dam at the Highway 42 crossing over yellow creek is less than two miles from Lake Nicol Park. On the south side of Highway 42, the dam’s spillway descends through a rocky chasm in a roaring falls that can reached by foot and where the bluffs of the steep canyon offers spectacular views. A parking lot serves foot access to the scenic falls.

Lake Harris Access (Map D-3)
Lake Harris lies below the Lake Nichol Dam and falls where Highway 42 crosses Yellow Creek. This small lake has only casual access for paddlers from a point at the end of Lake Harris Road. Just three hundred yards south of this access are the buoys marking the dangerous Lake Harris Dam.


Binion Creek Landing Park (Map B-2)

Spacious day use area at the Highway 43 Bridge over the North River. This is the northernmost access to North River above Tuscaloosa. About a mile and a half due West through this populated area lies the island of Treasure Island County Park which features typical day use facilities. 

Watermelon Road County Park/Sharps Landing (Map C-3)
In a subdivision. Safe. No signs exist directing visitors to this park. Good parking. This is the last ramp before the lowest access to Lake Tuscaloosa before Rock Quarry County Park Ramp and the dam at Highway 87.

Rock Quarry County Park Ramp (Map C-4)
Extensive Day use facilities just above the Lake Tuscaloosa Spillway and the industrial heart of the Black Warrior River.

The Black Warrior below Moundville (see map inset)

Going south from Moundville the first place on the river is Lock 8, 12-15 river miles below the Moundville Ramp.  

Lock 8 is one of the old Locks covered nowadays by the water held back by the larger dams. The community near Lock 8 is Akron. Tent camping is permitted for through paddlers.

About ten miles below Lock 8 is Jennings Ferry. Jennings Ferry compares with other upscale US Army Corps of Engineers campgrounds. It features, and most Corps campgrounds do, a site on a spit of land between a river and a creek so you can camp riverside or creekside. A huge, privately-owned store with restaurant sits at the entrance. Here are spacious RV pull-throughs, beautifully kept primitive sites, playgrounds, bathhouses, and all in a beautiful setting. 

About three miles below Jennings Ferry is the Armistead Selden Lock and Dam. Through paddlers must lock through (there is no portage) but that should be no problem with the helpful lock masters on duty there. Call the lockmaster at (205) 372-3571.

About 12 miles below Jennings Ferry is Sawyerville and the Lock 6 Park.  Tent camping is permitted for through paddlers.

Below Lock 6 about 20 miles is Lock 5 and the community known as Lock 5.  Tent camping is permitted for through paddlers. Lock 5 the site of one of the ancient locks on the Black Warrior. Almost all of these old Lock and Dam sites are long submerged under the newer lock program which involved far fewer locks along the river. All are welcome at the nearby Turtle Creek restaurant. The restaurant has a great menu and a private bar in a wonderful rustic atmosphere. It is open Friday and Saturday nights from 5 until whenever and is owned and operated by Bobby Massengale and his wife at 13543 County Road 15, Greensboro 36744 334.341.0244 cell, 334 624 1839 restaurant. 

Primitive camping is permitted on the flat grassy areas adjacent to the ramps at Lock 5 Park. A spring and fall festival is held at Lock 5 and Lock 8 parks, and these bring all aspects of the community together. 

About 15 miles below Lock 5 is Demopolis and the well-known full-service Foscue and Forkland US Army Corps of Engineers campgrounds.

Tuscaloosa County Parks and Recreation Authority PARA
(205) 562-3220

Lake Lurleen State Park 
13226 Lake Lurleen Road
Coker, AL 35452
(205) 339-1558

Burchfield Branch Park
15036 Bankhead Road
Adger AL  35006
(205) 497-9828

Deerlick Creek US Army Corps of Engineers Park
12421 Deerlick Road
Tuscaloosa  AL  35406
(205) 759-1591

Moundville Archaeological Park
13075 Moundville Parkway
Moundville AL 35474
(205) 371-2234

Click the map image above to download a high-resolution printable PDF version.

Waypoints for important map features

Blue Creek Ramp    N33.436861    W-87.380016

Burchfield Branch Recreation Area    N33.439295    W-87.373682

Lock 15 Ramp    N33.361313    W-87.414928

Daniel Creek Public Use Area    N33.304294    W-87.390358
Rock Quarry Landing 
Public Use Area    N33.286608    W-87.390256

Rocky Branch Park    N33.270496    W-87.418219

Deerlick Creek Park    N33.263346    W-87.424211

Fosters Landing    N33.119619    W-87.665447

Moundville    N33.010526    W-87.637849

Lake Nicol Park    N33.308233    W-87.476985

Lake Harris Access    N33.269931    W-87.427941

Binion Creek Landing Park    N33.391808    W-87.607339

Watermelon Road County Park/
Sharps Landing    N33.291203    W-87.519534

Rock Quarry County Park Ramp    N33.266585     W-87.510625
District 5/Central District Paddling

Upper Cahaba River—Trussville to Centreville

Click on the map, above, to download a printable/portable version in higher resolution.

Paddling on the Cahaba begins at Civitan Park in Trussville as the northernmost paddleable stretch. Access is below the walking bridge from the parking lot. The water is still, and the river is straight as a ditch. But don’t let this fool you—there is class three whitewater waiting minutes from your launch. You need to consult the gauge at for this section that will take you to the Moon River Canoe Launch. You need a flow of at least 300 cubic feet per second (cfs) for this stretch. Some suburbia, some wild.

Moon River Canoe Launch is the revival of an old night spot of the same name as an access point by a partnership including Alabama Power Company, Freshwater Land Trust, and the Cahaba Blueway Steering Committee. It lies about thirteen miles below the Trussville access at Civitan park. It can be reached by turning left from Rex Lake Road onto U.S. 78/Parkway Drive Southwest. Follow U.S. 78 for about two miles and it is on the left-side of the road, across from River View Baptist Church.

Grants Mill Road. Grants Mill is in a beautiful setting adjacent to a paved walking trail that sees lots of use. The Cahaba Landing and Riverwalk Park to the Old Overton Road access the most used stretch of the upper Cahaba. Beautiful, easy, 7.5 miles to Old Overton. Take I-459N then take exit 27. Turn right onto Grants Mill Road and follow it until you see a dirt pull off with a circular stone entrance on the left.

Old Overton Road. As the name implies, near but not on new Overton Road, so be sure to give your GPS that information. You’ll know the location by the stonework at the nearby mini-park overlooking the river. Parking area for river access. In the heart of a neighborhood. Take the Liberty Park exit off Interstate 459 toward Liberty Park. Turn right at the stop sign on Liberty Park Drive. At the next stop sign go right onto Overton Road. Then take the next left before you go under the bridge. The put-in is about a quarter mile on the right.

Old Highway 280 Bridge. Seven or eight miles below Old Overton Road access. Two bridges, the old and the new, stand side by side. An access road under the old bridge also leads under the new one. Trucks with 4-wheel drive are appropriate here as egress and ingress are both rough and can be muddy after a rain. Heavily rutted when dry, with limited room to maneuver. Easy launch. DANGER: There is a series of four dams immediately downstream of Highway 280 and a fifth dam about 5 miles beyond. These are DANGEROUS and must be portaged.

Heading upstream, the water above the dam is usually like a millpond so no shuttle is required for a pleasant out-and-back. Paddle the beautiful three miles to a municipal pumping station and back with rolling hills and bluffs that belie that fact you are moving faster than the traffic so close to you on 280. Paddle to Lake Purdy up the Little Cahaba (not the same stream as the one of the same name in Bibb County), a beautiful paddle that may have unannounced releases from an upstream dam at any time. 

Old Montgomery Highway/Bains Bridge. Access to the Cahaba River at Old Montgomery Highway, also called the Lorna Road access, is part of the Cahaba-Riverchase Grandview Greenway Trailhead project. The program is developing an off-road trail for pedestrians, bicyclists and other non-motorized forms of transportation as well as an official Cahaba Blueway canoe launch site. It is part of a much larger trail system known as the Cahaba River Corridor of the Red Rock Ridge and Valley Trail System. The trail is bordered by Riverchase Elementary School, Arbor Hills subdivision and the Riverchase Planned Community within the Hoover city limits.  

Canoe The Cahaba is the only outfitter that actually operates on the river. Another, The University of Alabama Birmingham’s Outdoor Pursuits (205-996-4913) rents boats and provides shuttles to or from access points of your choice on the Cahaba. Canoe The Cahaba rents kayaks and canoes and provides shuttle service for those that have their own boats. Canoe the Cahaba is located at 2370 Highway 52 Helena, AL 35080. Call 205-874-5623. This outfitter serves by appointment only, and there is no other public access to this part of the river. You must call to make arrangements for the use of this access. The next possible takeout below Canoe The Cahaba is 22 miles away at Living River, where primitive camping and excellent facilities are available. 

Click on the map, above, to download a printable/portable version in higher resolution. Detailed map of Living River (map F-3). River access and primitive camping in this beautiful near-isle in the Cahaba can be augmented with hot showers, cabin stays and meals from the dining hall are available with prior reservation.

Living River: A Retreat on the Cahaba, Inc. is at the approximate halfway point of the length of the Cahaba and the high point of access and amenities along the river. Living River is owned and operated as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization by the Presbytery of Sheppards and Lapsley, part of the Presbyterian Church (USA). Living River is located on 440 acres at a deep bend in the Cahaba River. Living River is home to the Cahaba Environmental Center (CEC). which offers  an outstanding education program focused on active, experiential, place-based learning. CEC curriculum helps students understand the natural world and its complex interrelationships. If you are interested in using any of the Living River Facilities, please contact the camp at Step out of your boat at any of the specified landings, including several which are only short walks to a pleasant campsite. By prior arrangement, a stay in a Living River cabin, a hot shower and even hot meals in the dining hall make Living River a stellar destination on this, one of the state’s premiere waterways.
From here to Centreville, the river is fast and paddlers will find themselves lining up for one exciting drop after another if the water level is sufficient. Local paddlers years ago adopted the saying “if it’s brown, turn around” to describe the danger of the Cahaba after a rain event. The Cahaba is a wild and natural river and there is plenty of trouble to get into in high water with little chance of finding or even reaching a paddler in dangerous places.

7.2 miles below Living River’s Tate Takeout, the Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge straddles the river at possibly its most majestic point. Clear and swift, shoal after shoal crowd with shoal (Cahaba) lilies which, when in bloom, attract tens of thousand people, usually in May, to enjoy them during the annual Lily Festival. There are several points of access here along River Trace Drive, including Caffee Creek at the drive’s end (where you can paddle out to an excellent stand of lilies, lounge in the rock garden, and paddle back without even exerting yourself) and several other points along the way. Be sure to plan this as your take-out after paddling down from Living River or your put-in for Pratt’s Ferry access and beyond for there is no camping allowed, as usual, on this protected Federal Wildlife Refuge property.

Pratts Ferry Preserve is a 12-acre Nature Conservancy tract located along a rocky limestone slope on the south bank of the Cahaba River about five miles below the Caffee Creek access in the Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge. The area is lush in the spring and summer with a variety of wildflowers.

Click on the map, above, to download a printable/portable version in higher resolution. Detailed map of the Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge (map G-2). This is the best place to view the famous Cahaba lilies in bloom.

Centreville. About six miles below Pratts Ferry Preserve is the town of Centreville, whose Walnut Street (Highway 25) Bridge crossing is a Cahaba River Landmark. The rock garden strewn along the bottom of the Cahaba represents the last pieces of the fall line where the rocky substrata of the Alabama uplands gives way to the coastal plain. From here down, sandbars abound and thus camping is most often not a problem. 

Centreville has everything the paddler will need including food and lodging, but has virtually no access to get to it. One possibility exists in the form of a modest ramp one mile north of the Walnut Street Bridge. The ramp is in private hands and is open only to travelers on the Alabama Scenic River Trail who make arrangements at least two weeks in advance. 

Table of waypoints to accompany map features:

Trussville Civitan Park    N33.622735    W-86.599556

Moon River Canoe Launch    N33.545154    W-86.615409

Grants Mill    N33.511837    W-86.652668

Old Overton Road    N33.485112    W-86.701893

Cahaba River Park    N33.48081    W-86.78306

Highway 280    N33.432008    W-86.213794

First dam below 280    N33.431692     W-86.713975

Second dam below 280    N33.427726    W-86.720774

Third dam below 280    N33.423741    W-86.719975

Fourth dam below 280    N33.421269    W-86.720980

Fifth dam below 280    N33.415581    W-86.738981

Hoover Athletic Club    N33.402335    W-86.758474

Old Montgomery Highway/
Bains Bridge    N33.363318    W-86.813271

Canoe the Cahaba Launch    N33.284604    W-86.882783

Lebron Launch    N33.169789    W-87.019433

Marvel Slab    N33.165434    W-87.029205

Tate’s Landing    N33.159919    W-87.025754

Cahaba River NWR    N33.095032    W-87.057703

Pratts Ferry    N32.359208    W-87133452

Contact information pertaining to the upper Cahaba River

Living River: A Retreat on the Cahaba, Inc.
2000 Living River Parkway, Montevallo AL 35115
(205) 208-0035

Cahaba River Society
2717 7th Ave S, Birmingham
(205) 322-5326

US Fish and Wildlife Service
2700 Refuge Headquarters Road
Decatur, AL 35603

Friends of the Cahaba River NWR
P O Box 323
West Blocton, AL 35184

Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Wildlife Division
(334) 242-3465

The Nature Conservancy Alabama
2100 1st Ave North, Birmingham
(205) 251-1155

Canoe the Cahaba
Rents kayaks and canoes, shuttle. Arranges overnight and multi-day trips.
2370 Highway 52 Helena, AL 35080 (205) 874-5623. 
Facebook: CanoeTheCahaba

Brierfield Ironworks Historical State Park (camping, cabins historical park)
240 Furnace Parkway
Brierfield, AL 35035
(205) 665-1856, email 

Lower Cahaba River—Talladega National Forest to Old Cahawba Archeological Park/Alabama Rive

Click on the map, above, to download a printable/portable version in higher resolution.

Much of the length of the upper Cahaba runs down Alabama’s fall line, the geological feature that marks the end of sedimentary underlayment and the ancient coastal plain begins. The coastal plain through which the Cahaba runs begins on this map. Here the river twists and turns with the vagaries of every ridge and plain. It sits deeper in its banks as the soft, rockless earth is easier to cut, and quartzite sandbars appear frequently enough  that designed campsites are rarely required.

The first takeout below Centreville is at the Harrisburg Bridge Road (map A-1). Harrisburg Road is named Murphy Road at its connection with Highway 5, and changes to Harrisburg Road before it reaches the bridge within the thin neck of the Talladega National Forest that connects the larger eastern and western halves of the Oakmulgee division (note that this is a different division name than that of the eastern division of the Talladega National Forest on the opposite side of Birmingham). Most of the land in the immediate vicinity of  the bridge is private and its use should be avoided. The road here runs near enough to the river that the right-of-way will take care of close if inconveniently strenuous access. 

Heiberger Bridge (map B-1) at County Road 49 is the next opportunity for access and lies about 9.5 miles above the next available access at Perry Lakes. Onrow Tubbs Road off Highway 5 will lead to the bridge with river access beneath. 

Perry Lakes and Perry Lakes Park (map D-1). Perry Lakes Park was selected by The Nature Conservancy partly because of its importance as a nesting area for turtles. Please be aware that you are in an ecologically sensitive area and conduct yourself according.  The park is located behind the Alabama Fisheries building on Alabama Highway 175. The river access is at a wide, sand approach known as Barton’s Beach. You can’t drive to the beach and it is about a five minute walk without gear to the parking area, where a freshwater standpipe, a pavilion and several fantastical creations of Auburn University’s famed Rural Studio—including the area’s gleaming stainless steel primitive toilets. A beautifully refurbished fire tower provides tree-top level birding and is reputed to be the tallest bird-watching structure in the nation. Paddlers wanting to overnight at Barton’s Beach should call 334-247-2101. Ten minutes from downtown Marion. 

Sprott Bridge  (map D-1). Very good access for all types of boats was developed and operated under the Sprott Bridge by the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

Suttle/County Road 6  (map F-1). The dirt road drops steeply from the bridge here, so getting in is a lot easier than getting out. If you need help wrangling your boat be sure you have it if you are taking out here. Not far after you put in will be two Class II of bout one an one-and-a-half feet. The water can slow down on this ten mile trip to Highway 80.

Highway 80/Marion Junction (near Selma)  (map G-2). Between the Highway 80 Bridge and Old Cahawba Archaeological Park at the Cahaba’s confluence with the Alabama River, the water slows considerably and can stop altogether—and it can back up and flow in reverse when the water rises on the Alabama. Without moving water, as is often the case here, the twelve miles to the Highway 22 Bridge can take nine hours.  

Highway 22 Bridge  (map H-2). The Nature Conservancy acquired property at the Alabama Highway 22 bridge west of Selma and Alabama Power Company funded the acquisition. The region’s Ala-Tom RC&D Council provided funding toward improvements that include a gravel access road and parking area. Easy access at this casual launch just 6.25 miles by river above the the Clear Creek canoe landing at Old Cahawba Archaeological Park.

Old Cahawba Archaeological Park (map H-2). This unique historic site was once a significant Indian mound village, then Alabama’s first capital, and later a prison for Northern soldiers during the Civil War. Today, it is a place to enjoy and explore history. Nearby are unique patches of northern prairie pushed into Alabama by glaciers during the ice ages. The park features two cement ramps 2.79 miles apart by water. No camping is allowed at the Park, which contains the ruins of the historic town. Bicycles are provided for use in the park at no charge.

Old Cahawba was Alabama’s state capital from 1819-1826. Historians and archaeologists from the Alabama Historical Commission are uncovering Cahawba’s historic past to create a full time interpretive park.  The Visitor Center is an authentic 1850’s Greek Revival Cottage housing the museum, artifacts, photographs and treasures that reveal life at Cahawba during its hey-day.
The park attracts tens of thousands of visitors each year, and research and restoration Visitor’s Center (334-872-8058), public restrooms, and picnic areas.

The thick understory along the trail is replete with wrens, Brown Thrashers, Eastern Towhees, and in winter, multiple sparrow species, Hermit Thrushes, and Winter Wrens. There are several acres of tall grasses across from the Visitor’s Center. Look for wintering Grasshopper Sparrows, as well as Song, White-throated, Savannah, and Field (all year) Sparrows. Open areas are good for spotting canopy songbirds, flycatchers, and woodpeckers.

Old Cahawba Clear Creek Ramp. Paddling up the creek will allow disembarking very near the office and store. Good access to Clear Creek birdwatching. 

Old Cahawba Ramp. Convenient to the Alabama River, just inside the mouth of the creek. 

Table of waypoints to accompany map features

Harrisburg Bridge Road    N32.855903    W-87.199105

Heiberger Bridge CR 49    N32.855903    W-87.273146

Perry Lakes    N32.32.694528    W-87.242418

Sprott Bridge/Highway 14    N32.668090    W-87.242398

Suttle/CR 6    N32.529286    W-87.198708

Highway 80 Bridge    N32.444113    W-87.180145

Highway 22 Bridge    N32.359458    W-87.132844

Old Cahawba Clear Creek Access    N32.3201722    W-87.1089083

Cahaba River Access    N32.3209028    W-87.0944528

Contact information pertinent to the lower Cahaba River

Cahaba River Society
2717 7th Ave S, Birmingham
(205) 322-5326

Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Wildlife Division

The Nature Conservancy Alabama
Nature Conservancy
2100 1st Ave North, Birmingham
(205) 251-1155

Old Cahawba Archaeological Park
9518 Cahaba Rd, Orrville
(334) 872-8058

Canoe the Cahaba
2370 Highway 52, Helena

University of Alabama Birmingham Recreation Center Outdoor Pursuits
(Rents to public) 205-996-4913

District 6 Paddling

Tallapoosa River and Little Tallapoosa River


Above: Harold Banks, likely the most experienced Tallapoosa paddler in the state, strikes out once again above Martin Dam. 

The Alabama Scenic River Trail was the longest single blueway in a single state at the time of its inception in 2008, at which time its original 631 miles were designated with National Recreational Trail status. Since that time, the Alabama Scenic River Trail organization has expanded the trail system to over three thousand miles of accessible streams, which is yet less than half of its potential, a condition of the state’s bountiful water recreational potential. 

The diverse partnerships that form the trail along the Tallapoosa rivers is a smaller replica of the network of partnerships that form the vast Alabama Scenic River Trail system as it grows throughout the state. The Alabama legislature, Alabama Trails Commission, Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, US Army Corps of Engineers, Alabama Power Company, Auburn Extension Service, neighboring county commissions, individual paddling enthusiasts and others support the concept of the trail and have avidly participated in its development. All lands along the Tallapoosa rivers are under the stewardship of the Alabama Power Company who is working with the Alabama Scenic River Trail to establish access, portages and campsites where such are needed.

Paddling on the Tallapoosa rivers is enhanced by Alabama Power’s periodic water releases.

Click here to see a video of how Alabama Power Company's partnership with the Alabama Scenic River Trail has provided the essential ingredients of a Tallapoosa experience.

Above, Dadeville paddler Harold Banks, likely the most experienced Tallapoosa paddler in the state, strikes out once again above Martin Dam. Click here to download a much larger version for trip planning.

The Tallapoosa and Little Tallapoosa rivers begin across the Alabama state line in Georgia and flow generally westerly to join at the upper of two large recreational lakes on the system, Lake Wedowee near Lineville. From Lake Wedowee, the Tallapoosa flows south to join the Coosa River (and thereby the main part of the National Recreational Treail (NRT) -reccognized Alabama Scenic River Trail) at Ft. Toulouse near Wetumpka where the Alabama River is formed by these confluences. On the way, the Tallapoosa forms Lake Martin with its bustling recreational scene including the expansive Wind Creek State Park and numerous marinas. The rivers flow through the ancient Creek Indian lands that were the last strongholds of native American culture in the southeast until the arrival of Andrew Jackson’s army at Ft Toulouse. Horseshoe Bend National Military Park and site of one of the nation’s most famous battles, lies along the Tallapoosa as do countless historic points of interest. Ft. Toulouse was visited in its time by Jackson, Tecumseh, French Territorial Governor Bienville and Star Spangled Banner author Francis Scott Key. 

Scene at the ramp at Horseshoe Bend National Military Park.

The word Tallapoosa means pulverized rock (tali = rock, pushi = pulverized) and the sparkling quartzite bottoms and shoals, which long survived the people who named the rivers, provide an inviting stop through the looping runs that one extreme provide stretches of days of  complete solitude and on the other provide the bustling boating and camping mecca of Wind Creek State Park on Lake Martin. Wind Creek State Park is said to be the largest state park in the country.

The area was the seat of the greatest of the southeastern Indian towns. Settlements like Tuckabatchee are described in the Travels of William Bartram, a colonial account of a trip through the area, as astonishingly European in fashion. Tallassee is the site of an Indian town that grew up around the near-endless source of easily-acquired fish that gathered below the impassible falls there. The area was a main target of Andrew Jackson as he demolished Emuckfaw, Autossee, and dozens of other towns.

The Indian trade route that stretched between Memphis and Charleston lay along the north side of the Tallapoosa. A major intersection among Indian trade routes crossed the Tallapoosa below the present-day town of Tallassee.

The Tallapoosa has been dammed for power generation and flood control, but, because of the ridge-and-valley nature of most of the river’s basin, it has kept the appearance of a natural river. Except for the recreational and residential development on its two lakes, the river twists on, set deep in its banks, over  sparkling bottom through shoal after rock-spangled shoal.

The fact that the Tallapoosa rivers flow through isolated and even desolate areas has already been mentioned, but the rural nature of virtually all the communities along these rivers must be stressed. By far the largest town in the counties through which these rivers flow is Alexander City with its 15,000 inhabitants in Tallapoosa County. Typical is the town of Wadley on the Tallapoosa. With its modest main street storefronts, this community of 640 is within an easy walk of the Tallapoosa. A single boat rental operation and an ice cream shop have been established there. Beyond the likes of communities like Wadley there is but solitude and the river.

Click here to download  PDF file of all four Alabama Power Company Official Portages. Marked satellite images detail the routes.

Despite the rural and small-town nature of the Tallapoosa basin, the rivers attract a wide variety of traffic. The rivers’ proximity to Atlanta makes it a favored, if not favorite, destination for paddle-crazy Georgians. The city of Auburn with its active student population is less than an hour away from Lake Martin via US Highway 280, which crosses the Tallapoosa  on the upper reaches of the lake. Birmingham is only a half hour farther away by the same highway. Tuskegee and the Tuskegee National forest are less than half an hour from the Tallapoosa. Between the Talladega National Forest near Anniston and Lake Eufaula, this is the best water recreation serving the diverse local population of the area.

JayBird Creek Campsite (32.95648  -85.81032)

Jaybird Creek Campsite at Mile 26.9 left descending is the uppermost campsite on what is considered to be the waters of Lake Martin proper. This modest primitive campsite is located just past the entry of Jaybird Creek. The land immediately adjacent to the creek is not part of this campsite; it is owned by a private hunting club but is a popular spot for campers. The Jaybird site is just downstream of the hunting club property and is marked with an Alabama Scenic River Trail Official Campsite sign. 

If the small space of the campsite is occupied, haul up a hundred yards to the spacious field behind the riverfront site. Road access is via Rock Springs Road/Boone Valley Road.

Above: The approach to Jaybird Campsite

Bakers Bottom (32.95130  -85.86638)

River Mile 22.5 River Left Ascending. This campsite is 4.5 miles above the Highway 431 Bridge over Lake Martin. It is associated with Bakers Bottom Ramp at the end of Kerley Patten Road. The campsite is on the tip of the second finger of land northwest of the ramp, approximately 1/4 mile away.  It is the first campsite below Jaybird 5.5 miles upstream.

Above: Bakers Bottom Campsite

Bay Pine (32.83880  -85.87064)

Bay Pine Campsite is located at Mile 12.5 on an unnamed island near the well-known Bay Pine Marina. 

Above: Bay Pine Island

Paces Ferry (32.78423  -85.89153)

Paces Ferry Campsite at Mile 8 is in the main channel of the Tallapoosa where the historic Paces Ferry operated. 

Paces Trail (32.77716  -85.87792)

The ADA accessible ramp at Paces Trail Ramp is on southern tip of Paces Trail. The signed ASRT landing site is on the opposite end of the point, visible on a channel approach from upstream.

The Paces Trail Campsite is approximately 4 miles east of the channel and about two miles north of a straight line from the channel to Blue Creek Marina. The corresponding mile marker in the channel is Mile 4.5. The ramp here is the only ACA compliant access in the vicinity.

Above: Beach area for paddlecraft on the approach to the campsite.

Cheeseburger Island (32.69707  -85.91153)

Cheeseburger Island, as it is locally known, is the smaller of two islands at Mile 1.25 on Lake Martin. The campsite is in sight of the dam and almost in site of the Alabama Scenic River Trail portage on the left side of the dam at the Alabama Power ramp there. The island is about half an acre in size and is a very popular gathering spot for boaters.

Above: Cheeseburger Island Campsite sign, just a mile above Martin Dam.
Descent of Tallapoosa River by J. Harold Banks

This report is from 2009, but what's time to a river?

Long-distance paddler J. Harold Banks of Dadeville made the entire length of the Tallapoosa River from Paulding County, Georgia to Ft Toulouse near Wetumpka. The trip, featured in the June 2009 edition of northeast Alabama’s Lake Magazine as well as in a number of online sources. We have included the full text of this detail, adventure-filled and well-written journal as a download here.
Harold has had a number of people write him to let him know that the article inspired them to repeat the trip. “The Tallapoosa River is absolutely beautiful and the lakes on it are jewels,” he says. Indeed. The Tallapoosa is where you go to not be reminded that we live in a crowded world.

Suggested Tallapoosa Daytrip

Explore battlefields and boulder fields on the Tallapoosa. Dancing water. History. Eagles. Fish. Spectacular views, picnic spots, and tons of campsites--all on one exquisite river. The Tallapoosa flows over shoals and layers of quartzite in a waterway that provides everything from days-long solitude to sociable lakes. At Horseshoe Bend Military Park, you can see the historic battle site where Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians and stand on the exact spot upon which our nation's future turned. 

Plan your trip: For a great day trip, put in at Horseshoe Bend Military Park You'll hardly see any houses for the 7 or 8 miles of paddling, but look for eagles and fish. Take out at Jaybird Creek Landing on the upper end of Lake Martin.

Shane Harris, Ccunty Extension Ccordinator-Tallapoosa
Alabama Cooperative Extension System
125 North Broadnax Street  Room 23
Dadevillee, AL 36853
256 8251 050 (office)
256 5961363 (cell)
J. Harold Banks, experienced Tallapoosa paddler
1120 E. Columbus SDadeville, AL 36853
256-825-8930 (home) 334-744-4452 (cell)
Wind Creek State Park Alexander City, AL  3501 0 (256) 329 0845

Autauga Creek, a sweet daytrip just miles from Montgomery

About seven river miles downstream of Montgomery, the Alabama River river touches south of Prattville and turns into Cooter Pond and some of the best golfing on the renowned Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail. Here, too, is the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Cooter Pond Park, offering camping and RV access to the R. E. “Bob” Woodruff Lake, as this impoundment of the Alabama is known. There is a public ramp at Cooter Pond.

A few miles more downriver, on the north side (river right to the paddler) Autauga Creek enters the Alabama River. Autauga Creek was the anchor for the city of Prattville almost 200 years ago when northern industrialist Daniel Pratt selected the falls on the creek as an ideal place to build a company town to support the vast mills he created and operated there. The beautiful dam, still a centerpiece of civic life in Prattville, is the only portage on the Autauga Creek Blueway, developed and expertly implemented by the Autauga Creek Improvement Committee. Though their informative website will provide you with all the information you need to know, it's worth entering here that the creek is twisty and quick though not highly challenging, making it good family fun. It is at least partially spring-fed, which means it has water enough for paddling even when others don't, and it is largely overhung with trees, providing a further respite from the sun on hot days. Outfitters on the trail provide rentals and shuttles, and camping is abundant. The end of the upper float (and the beginning point of the lower one) is the town itself, and urbane shopping, dining and history when you hop off the water.

Above: Keeping busy on Autauga Creek

Suggested Autauga Creek Daytrip

​Autauga Creek. The blueway from the Creekwalk at City Hall to Canoe Trail Park is 4 miles long and takes 2-3 hours of paddling. Treasure hunters may bring a GPS to search for the 35 geocaches hidden along the route. If floating is more your speed, you can take the lazy creek in a tube to the wooden footbridge and walk your tubes back upstream along Pratt­ville's Creekwalk. The cool underground-fed water and the creek's  hallway of near-touching  tree canopy make for a cool and shady trip on hot days. Enjoy a picnic at the landscaped Creekwalk or visit one of the many restaurants  just a short walk from the canoe trail. Stroll the creekside path and visit the Prattaugan Museum to explore the historic significance of the creek to the town. Browse unique shops and boutiques in Historic Downtown Prattville.

Plan your trip: The upper creek allows an easier paddle the begins not far above the placid mill pond that once powered Daniel Pratt's historic factory here. A lower trip begins behind City Hall near the downtown restaurants and shops and takes out at the beach at the well-marked Canoe Trail Park for maps, FAQ, videos and more

Prattville Powersports rentals and shuttle service
1548 U.S. 82, Prattville AL 36067 (334) 361 3988

Mocassin Gap on the Coosa River, Wetumpka

The fall line, the last stone underlayment supporting the Alabama uplands before the rivers grind deep into the plains on their way to the Gulf of Mexico, is an exciting place on any river in Alabama. It's especially loved on the Coosa River near the city of Wetumpka, whose very name means Rumbling Waters in Creek tongue.

Though there’s nothing to keep a kayaker or canoeist off of the upper lakes of the Coosa, the trackless wide waters and their overwhelming affinity for powerboats mean that paddlecraft, while welcome, play second fiddle here. That situation changes where the brim of water that spills over Jordan Dam and the little dirt-and-gravel bar below it. This six-mile run is the most-paddled stretch of water in the state, and it contains the most fun you can legally have almost anywhere. 

The damming of the Coosa smooths over the rough-and-ready world here at the historical end of upriver navigation. If it had not been for the fall line, fish on the Coosa would have no problem reaching Rome, Georgia and beyond. But the fall line is a fact of life, and its existence clustered the great Indian capitals around this source of easy protein. Where the fish stopped, people stopped. A sight even today on the run down the fall line is an ancient fish trap exposed only during low water. Part natural formation and part stacked stone, it no doubt provided many a pleasant summer afternoon in days gone by.

Where the fall line cuts through an Alabama River, expect excitement.

Today, though the waters are still rumbling, they provide a different type of pleasure. The six miles of class I-III rapids, the eddies and standing waves bring people from everywhere to this run on the Coosa to flip, whirl and dive. And on top of that, there are the people who actually wanted to do those things as well.

Actually, one of the special things about whitewater on the Coosa is choice. With just  one time through with an expert guide from a Wetumpka outfitter, you'll see that every peril has its not-so-perilous alternative. The notorious Moccasin Gap is a good example. If you are really good and are in a play boat, take the wave to the right of the enormous rock set into the river like a small planet littered with brightly colored boats and animated people trying to communicate over the constant loud rush of the waves. If you have a long boat or aren't there to be a public spectacle, the class II drop to the left of the rock is for you. If you're a real chicken, land your boat on the upstream side, haul it over the rock, and put back in on the quiet downstream side. While you're out there, take advantage of the rock as a place to swim, paddle, picnic and sightsee as wave after wave of visitors alight and leave like starlings.

Over two dozen adventurers have made their way all the way down the ASRT, all of them have had to make the decision as to whether to haul around Moccassin or take it on. It can be rough, and paddlers should know that their craft can negotiate the rapids there.

The beginning of this 6-hour ride into downtown Wetumpka is at the put-in on Jordan Dam Road off of Highway 231. The first half mile  of river below Jordan Dam is scenic—you can't help but notice the 70-foot-high rocky dome on your left. The Coosa here is calm enough to get a good feel for your boat before you hit the rollicking stuff.

The rapids begin just beyond at River Falls with a number of Class I and II. The rapids are interspersed with pools of flat water. Class II/III Moccasin Gap is located about halfway down the whitewater stretch of the Coosa.

There are numerous rapids following Moccasin Gap with the last rapid being Corn Creek Rapid. It is only a few hundred yards downstream from the large white house on river right. Just past the Corn Creek Rapid, you will need to move to left of river center to see the bright yellow banner that will bring you in. If you go past it, you will miss the take-out and you must turn around and paddle back 100 ft. The outfitters charge a fee for pick-ups further down the river as they have to drive to get you!

For a guide, a boat and ride on this stretch of the river, call Coosa Outdoor Center at 334 201 5510 or Coosa River Adventures at 334 514 0279.

Above: Shooting Moccasin Gap above Wetumpka. Photo by Charles Seifried.

Just a few more miles of unforgettable paddling await you before you are back in Wetumpka at whichever of the two outfitters took you out. It isn't all like this, in fact you have choices around everything class II and above.
Suggested Mocassin Gap Whitewater Daytrip

The rumbling, tumbling waters of Wetumpka. The Creek Indian word Wetumpka meant "rumbling waters" and you'll see just that when you try the six-mile stretch (the most exciting part of which is known as Moccasin Gap, about halfway between Jordan dam and the town) that is a rite of passage for thou­sands of Alabama paddlers. Both area outfitters have landings and campsites in Wetumpka with shuttles to the put-ins and expert guides. The trip may be short, but it will be one you remember. Whitewater choices between Class II and Class IY.
Plan your trip: If you've been before, you know to put in below Jordan  Dam off Highway 231. If you haven't, please include one of the two local outfitters in your plans:

​Ccosa Outdoor Center
172 River Drive, Wetumpka AL 36092
(334) 567-3788
Ccosa River Adventures
415  Company Street Wetumpka, AL 36092
(334) 5140279
 District 7/Southwest District Paddling

Lower Tombigbee at Demopolis: The Fork of the Tombigbee and Black Warrior rivers

A mention of Demopolis almost always prompts the question “where is Demopolis?” Many don't, but all Alabamians should know this historic town where followers of Napoleon came in self-exile from France and the American and Canadian French colonies after the Emperor’s fall from power. The attempted to establish the Vine and Olive Colony, but their attempts did not flourish as did their hopes. Their land titles and deeds were too weak to defend them against the onslaught of the frontier squatters who moved in like a swarm of mosquitos and whose courts did not recognize the rights of the well-dressed French-speaking settlers who struggled to raise a city on these bluffs. Two hundred and more years later, it is not unusual for the Demopolis Historical Association to receive and attempt to answer inquiries from France about the families and lands of American ancestors.

All in Demopolis was not abandoned, though. The town at the confluence of the Black Warrior and the Tombigbee lived on as an important cotton town and river community in the western territory— soon to become a state—Alabama. Nearly equidistant between Tuscaloosa and Monroeville, today the area is a paradise for the naturalist and its recreation opportunities are primarily served by two U.S. Army Corps of Engineers parks, Foscue and Forkland. Although both parks and their full-service facilities are located on the Tombigbee River, Foscue Park geographically serves the Black Warrior River that joins the Tombigbee just above it. Forkland Park, 22 river miles above the town and to the west, serves a completely different set of experiences. Between them, literally, the rivers and backwaters will provide many days of paddle exploration in the arms of the two rivers.

Click on the Demopolis-area map above to download a high-res version

Forkland Park—Tombigbee River

There is a fine campground with great spaces and views of the river at Forkland, which sits on the north side of Rattlesnake Bend. The campground has nice USACE-style campgrounds and showers. Rattlesnake Bend is a dead arm of the river which now channels north to south across the neck of the bend. There is no barge traffic on the dead arm. Forkland Park is the least-used of all the major USACE parks, but it is one of the most, if not the most, appealing.

Leaving the ramp at Forkland to the right will take you out to the river about a mile from the main channel. The cut-off bend can also be treated as a twelve mile loop, where paddlers could visit the Forkland backwaters, the Birdseye area, Taylor Lake and a couple more backwaters. They would only spend a mile of the trip on the channel of the Tombigbee where it cuts across the neck of the bend.

It is twelve miles to Demopolis City Park from here. It is 24 miles if you do the entire bend and then travel to Foscue Park just down from the city.

Belmont Park is a USACE park with a ramp. One lane of the ramp is closed to traffic, making it perfect for paddlers. Belmont has good camping and bathrooms, but no showers. Belmont serves as a kind of watery bridge between adjacent Spidle Lake, itself a large and interesting backwater, and a cypress swamp that equals or exceeds the one near Backbone Creek, mentioned in the Foscue Park section of this article. Belmont is about five miles above Demopolis City Park, so an outing conducted from Belmont could end up back at Belmont or downriver at Demopolis City Park.

Paddlers could have a challenging run down to Demopolis for those so inclined. Those wanting to forego a long-distance paddle may take a car shuttle down to put in at Belmont for birdwatching, so that both parties could end up back at Belmont if they wanted an easy paddle and all meet up downriver at Demopolis City Park.

  • Distance between access points and birding/sightseeing destinations to plan a custom trip:
  • Leaving Forkland Park paddling to Rattlesnake Bend to Foscue Park is 24 miles.
  • Rattlesnake Bend in itself is 12 miles in circumference.
  • Forkland Park/rattlesnake Bend River Mile is 224
  • Taylor Lake (River Mile between 223 and 222) Forkland Park to Taylor Lake is approximately 3 miles.
  • Spidle Lake/Belmont Park is at River Mile 219--Forkland Park to Spidle Lake is approximately 7 miles.
  • Demopolis City Landing river mile is 216---Forkland Park to Demopolis City Landing app. 12 miles.
  • Demopolis Lock and Dam/Foscue Park river mile 214--Forkland Park to Demopolis Lock and Dam /Foscue Park is app. 14 miles.

Foscue Park: Black Warrior River

Put in north of Demopolis at Backbone Creek Park and explore its hauntingly beautiful cypress swamps before heading down the Black Warrior for a number of other sloughs and creeks along the way. A long day of paddling will end at Demopolis City Landing by mid-afternoon. This trip covers most of the bird-intensive and beautiful route, but you can paddle a few more miles into Foscue Park and pull out of the water within sight of your campsite if you want to save yourself a shuttle. 

Some of the bird species that can be seen on a Demopolis paddle:

  • Wood Duck
  • Great egret
  • Little blue heron
  • Green heron
  • Yellow-crowned night heron
  • Black vulture
  • Turkey vulture
  • Mississippi kite
  • Red-tailed hawk
  • Kildeer
  • Spotted sandpiper
  • Eurasian collared dove
  • Mourning dove
  • Yellow-billed cuckoo
  • Common nighthawk
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird
  • Read-headed woodpecket
  • Red-bellied woodpecker
  • Pileated woodpecker
  • Eastern woodpecker
  • Acadian Flycatcher
  • Great crested flycatcher
  • Eastern kingbird
  • White-eyed video
  • Yellow-throated vireo
  • Red-eyed vireo
  • Blue jay
  • American crow
  • Purple martin
  • Rough-winged swallow
  • Cliff swallow
  • Barn swallow
  • Carolina chickadee
  • Tufted titmouse
  • Carolina wren
  • Blue-gray gnatcatcher
  • Eastern bluebird
  • Gray catbird
  • Northern mockingbird
  • Brown thrasher
  • Northern Parula
  • Prothonotary Warbler
  • Kentucky warbler
  • Summer tanager
  • Eastern towhee
  • Northern cardinal
  • Indigo bunting
  • Common grackle
  • Brown-headed cowbird
  • House sparrow

Black Warrior and Tombigbee Lakes Office, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
384 Resource Mgmt Dr
Demopolis, AL 36732
(334) 289-3540

Demopolis Chamber of Commerce
102 E. Washington St
Demopolis AL 36732

Suggested Forkland Daytrip


Black Warrior, meet Tombigbee. Explore two classic Alabama rivers that converge in Demopolis, a historic town where refugees from Napoleon's fallen empire once gathered to grow grapevines and olives. North of the fork, on the Tombigbee arm, Forkland Park Camp­
ground has showers and campsites with views of Rattlesnake Bend, 12-mile ox-bow loop of flat water on an arm of the river that is free of barge traffic. South of the confluence and nearer historic Demopolis, Foscue Park Campground has RV sites, bathhouses, playgrounds, laundry facilities, as well as a boat ramp and dock You can paddle upstream to the fork and choose your own adventure. Go right, and aim for the hauntingly beautiful swamps of Runaway Branch (just past the Hwy 43 bridge if paddling downstream) and Backbone Creek. Go left on the Tombigbee and aim for Spidle Lake, a magnificent flat-wa­ter paddling, bird-watching adventure.
Plan your trip: Camp at Forkland and paddle the calm, 12-mile loop of Rattlesnake Bend. Or, put in at Backbone Creek and head downstream to take out at Demopolis City Park  and  Ramp. Don't go without the birding book of your choice.

Forkland Park (US Army Corps of Engineers)
1365 Forkland Park Road, Forkland AL 36740
Park Phone 334 289 5530 Reservations 877 444 6777
Foscue Creek Park (US Army Corps of Engineers)
1800 Lock and Dam Road, Demopolis AL 36732
Park Phone 334 289 5535 Reservations: 877 444 6777



Fossils, Food and Fun on the Tombigbee.

Trip report from November 2011

Above: Dining under the pavilion at Old Lock One Park.

The Alabama Scenic River Trail had never had a paddle on the Tombigbee, and didn’t plan on one this year until the US Army Corps of Engineers’ budget cuts forced us away from our customary event on the Alabama River near Isaac Creek. We wanted to stay in the area, and that meant the lower Tombigbee and the beautiful, remote Corps campgrounds that stayed open this year.

Above: Tent camping area at Old Lock One Park on the Tombigbee

Use the US Army Corps of Engineers Old Lock One Park as a base of operations. Of the Corps’ primitive (and free) campgrounds, this one is on the high end with its concrete bath house (no showers) and lighted pavilion. Old Lock One Park is located in an ancient and hauntingly beautiful pecan grove. It is the site of the first lock on the Tombigbee River. The stretch of the river it is located on has long been cut off on the short side of its loop by a “new” channel, rendering the old lock useless for barge and boat traffic on the now-dead arm of the river. But it certainly is an enjoyable campground. Yoou can often watch swallowtail kites, Mississippi kites, bald eagles and many others.

Above: Paddling the clear waters of Choctaw National Wildife Reserve

About 45 minutes northwest of Old Lock One Park is Lenoir Landing, another obscure Corps park that is the gateway to the backwaters of the Tombigbee in the Choctaw National Wildlife Reserve. Here is a labyrinth of sloughs and inlets that truly form an American jungle of bright green palmetto, water oak, pumpkin-colored cypress and scarlet maples and sumac.  Savored the clear water and quiet corners while terns dived into the water and anhinga dry their wings after the underwater fishing expeditions that these birds are known for. The nearby woods are so alive with the different languages of the bird world, all talking and exclaiming at once, that it seemed that we might have been on another planet. 

Above: The beautiful bluffs below St Stephens, Alabama's capital in its territorial days before statehood

Paddle out of Old Lock One Park to the left (the only way you can go from this dead arm of the Tombigbee) to reach the Tombigbee main channel in about a quarter mile. Take a left to head downstream. In a mile and a half you are beneath the bluffs of St Stephens,where millions of fossils wait in rich seams right by the water (provided, of course, the water is near a normal level). Fossils about in the rocks at the only landing in the vicinity.

Above: Beached for a break below St Stephens

Above: Easy candidates for the top fun spot. 

Above: We hunted for fossils until way after dark on the hauntingly beautiful and starlit Tombigbee at Moscow Landing, the best place on earth to view the cretacious-teriary boundary (Google it!). 

Claiborne Lock, Dam and Campground: Gateway to the Delta on the Alabama River

South of Claiborne, the river loops into the low lands of the Mobile-Tensaw River Delta, second only to Louisiana’s Atchafalaya Delta in size. Here, the Alabama soon joins with the Tensaw and the Mobile River rises. Between these latter two giants, a jungle world of capillary creeks and streams work back and forth to host hundreds of miles of habitat rich in birds, fish, and mammals to which you are invited to include yourself in a number of ways.

The perfect place to explore this, the final stretch of the Alabama River before its realm broadens into the wide alligator jaws of Mobile Bay, is Isaac Creek Campground just north (in fact in sight of) the Claiborne Lock and Dam. Operated by the US Army Corps of Engineers, the campground offers full-service sites with concrete pads that can accommodate the biggest rigs with boats and toys in tow but are secluded and wooded to satisfy the primitive camper. Fishing must be good here if the number of boats are any indication.

Isaac Creek Campground is clean and well kept, but it’s not exactly in the middle of civilization. Monroeville is the nearest town of any size. There is only one place to buy diesel fuel, and that is on the stretch of County Road 21 a few miles south of the road into the campground. Bring what you need except ice, which is available at the gatehouse.

Above: Detailed map of the portage and general layout that will be encountered at Claiborne Lock and Dam.

This is no place to plan a swimming vacation for the kids, either, with alligators commonly visible from creekside campsites. Driving the narrow roads to the campsite after the long lonely stretches of blacktop leading here from the closest towns may put you in the mood to keep moving, but don’t. Staying a while at a place like Isaac Creek can sharpen one’s aptitude for leisure, and there’s a satisfying atmosphere about this quiet, remote stretch of the Alabama River.

Directions vary depending on where you are arriving from. For information, call the gatehouse at 334 282 4254.

Fossils sand dollars abound in the formations under the bridge.

From Monroeville, take Highway 41 North 8 miles and turn left on County Road 17 and follow signs to the museum.

Launch from Isaac Creek Campground and paddle or motor straight downriver for the locks to get downriver of the dam. Lock schedules and information is available from the lockmaster at 334 682 4244. If you arrive and need to pass the dam when it is not operating, or if you simply prefer to tote your boat, a takeout is available on the east bank just before the dam. The paved road will allow paddlers to portage past the lock and put in again below the dam.

About thirteen miles downstream of the Highway 84 Bridge, Randons Creek comes into the nearly-straight southwest leg of the river. This place was the site of what has come down to us as the Great Canoe Fight.

Isaac Creek is the last "official" campsite you'll encouter for more than 60 miles until you encounter the State Lands Division's Spoonbill Sandbar Campsite six miles above the Alabama's confluence with the Tombigbee, where the Mobile River is formed. Don't worry about a place to stay. Pick out a dazzling white sandbar to set your tent on. The US Army Corps of Engineers approves of sandbar camping in this area.


Historic Claiborne

Above: Sunset over Claiborne Lock and Dam.

The town of Claiborne could be the place referred to in the DeSoto Chronicles as Piache, but the death and devastation sewn by the diseases that DeSoto left in the wake of his travels may leave us never to know for sure. His army may have crossed the river here and marched to Choctaw Bluff where may have stood the Indian capital of Maubila. Or, he may have embarked upon the Tombigbee to his encounter with Chief Tuscaloosa.

In any event, when, 20 years after he came through Alabama with DeSoto, Chrtian de Luna led an expedition that retraced his steps in the area. Here, in the year 1560, now stood the Indian village of Nanipanga.

Claiborne was established in 1813 by Andrew Jackson’s general of the same name who had in his army a number of Mississippi Choctaws friendly to the American cause and who fought bravely against the Red Stick rebels. The Indians were led by the famous Pushmataha. The American Revolutionary War hero the Marquis de LaFayette was entertained in the town at a lavish ball in 1825 on his post-revolution sweep of the country he helped to create. He was brought downriver from Montgomery aboard the Henderson, which sank here at Claiborne upon its return trip.

The great canoe fight

On the twelfth of November of 1813, the world of the white settlers along the lower Alabama Rivers was on edge after the recent massacre at Fort Mims where hundreds of men, women and children had been murdered. Scouting parties had been sent out to determine the extent of Indian activity in the region. One such group had camped near Lovett’s Creek where it enters the Alabama River. There were three in the party, which included Same Dale, the big frontiersman who was to the Alabama territory what Davy Crockett was to Tennessee; nineteen-year-old Jeremiah Austill; and a slave named Caesar. No sooner were they in the water that morning than Sam Dale looked upstream to see a dugout canoe with eleven Indians. The three paddled for the Indian craft, two of whose occupants left the canoe and swam for shore. The nine remaining Indians closed on the canoe of white settlers and joined them in battle.

In those days, canoes were used not in the seated position as we are accustomed to today, but were rowed by standing crew. We can but imagine the fight that took place as Caesar’s mighty grip held the two boats together as the occupants clubbed each other wildly with whatever they could find. The Indians perished in that bloody struggle, and their symbolic defeat at the hands of a smaller number of whites locked in hand-to-hand combat went down in history as the Great Canoe Fight.

The  site of the Great Canoe Fight is approximately US Army Corps of Engineers mile 52 where Randon Creek and Lovett Creek enter the Alabama.

Next stop: Gainestown Landing

From here south the river bends can present spacious sandbars, and the higher of them can provide suitable places for spending a pleasant night under a rich, star-filled sky in the warmth of a campfire.

Two more ramps appear in the coming ten miles or so at Choctaw Bluff and Dixie Landing.

Choctaw Bluff was settled by Indians of the tribe of the same name after Christian de Luna’s 1560 expedition and the earliest exploration of the area by Louisiana Governor D’Iberville in 1702. Some believe that this is the site of the Indian capital Maubilia, but archaeological evidence has not borne the theory out.

At mile 17, the sternwheeler Cuba lies below. The big loops and lonely straights diminish and the river’s rhythm tightens in anticipation of our arrival in a network of capillaries that begins the delta experience. When you are in sight of the powerlines crossing the Alabama River at mile 7.5 (yes, you’re that close to the Mobile River) Holley Creek enters from your left. About three miles out Holley Creek is Holley Creek Landing. The next creek to your left, just past the powerlines, is a narrow backwater that leads to Boatyard Landing and its access to fuel and the nearby community of Tensaw. Keep the northeast course to find the landing; don’t take the creek heading north about halfway to the landing.

Fort Mims and America's first great massacre

At Boatyard Landing you are within a short distance of Ft. Mims, where a nearby State marker commemorates one of the most brutal massacres in American history.

On the thirtieth day of August of 1813, a seething resentment was smoldered into flame as more—some say many more—than 300 settlers were killed at the settlement known as Ft. Mims. Treaties between the Indians and the settlers had been signed and broken, and the English, French Spanish and Americans were doing everything they could to undermine each other's interests. The claims and hatred between the English and the Americans came to blows in another clash shortly after the American Revolution, this time called the War of 1812. The British, operating out of Pensacola, began arming Indians and inciting them to rise up against the Americans. Tecumseh had swept through the area giving fiery speeches supporting the routing of white settlers from what he and his followers believed to be Indian lands. The rebel faction that he led, called the Red Sticks, wanted blood.

The home of Samuel Mims was situated near the end of a dead lake that came off the Tensaw River. Here about seventeen buildings stood, fenced by a wooden wall and protected by two heavy gates that hinged closed and fastened securely. The fort was under the command of Major Daniel Beasley, appointee and close personal friend of General Ferdinand Claiborne. As good a friend as the Major was to the General, he was not qualified to lead such a command, especially in such perilous times.

With over 550 settlers crammed within its gates and fearful for the rumors that their lives were in danger, the occupants earned the scorn of Major Beasley who didn’t believe that his command was under any kind of threat. Under his direction, security was lax and improvements proceeded slowly.

A shipment of whiskey arrived at the fort on august 29th, which the residents—and the Major in particular—were enjoying at the same time nearly 1,000 Red Stick warriors under the command of William “Red Eagle” Weatherford were hiding themselves in the woods just six miles away.

Two young slaves tending cattle outside the gates of the fort were surprised to see Indians in war paint in the woods near the fort. When they informed Major Beasley of what they saw, he ordered ten of his soldiers to check out the situation. The soldiers he sent came very close to but never saw the Indians hiding in the woods. Upon hearing that no attacking Indians were found, the two boys where whipped for lying to stir up trouble.

That night Weatherford and two warriors were able to climb the fence and peer into the fort’s interior where they watched the sentries playing cards.

The next morning, Major Beasley rose to write a letter to General Claiborne describing the false alarm concocted by the slave boys. It was the last thing he would ever write. He was to receive one more clue about the trouble he unknowingly faced. A scout rode to the fort at noon to inform Major Beasley that hostile Indians had been seen in the area. Beasley scoffed and implied that the scout had only seen red cattle, not Indians, to which he was answered that the red cattle would “give him a hell of a kick before night.”

The Creek warriors had agreed that the rattle of the soldier’s noon drum would be the signal to attack. When the drums began to roll, most in the fort were playing at one diversion or another to keep their minds off of the oppressive heat of the day. Hundreds of Red Sticks rushed the fort, where they found that the lackadaisical Beasley had allowed so much dirt to build up in the way of the gates that they could not be closed for defense.

The drunken Beasely was clubbed to death in the opening moments of the struggle. The Indians, though out-weaponed, were of superior numbers and soon gained the upper hand. When they set the fort aflame, the central powder magazine exploded.

William Weatherford was supposedly horrified by the brutality that raged that afternoon but was powerless to stop it. No one knows the number for sure, but it is believed that as many as 400 settlers and militiamen were killed by the Creeks. No boat could be found for an evacuation; the survivors walked until they arrived in Mobile early in the morning of September 4th.

The events at Ft Mims were answered by the destruction of one Alabama Indian village after another and culminated with Andrew Jackson’s massacre of the Indians at Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa, bringing the Creek nation into submission and finally surrendering the Indians’ 20 million acres to the American nation.

Weatherford, who had convinced Jackson of his inability to stop the brutality of his warriors, was pardoned and allowed to live out his life as something of a celebrity in Monroe County. He lies buried next to his mother about a mile from the fort.

District 8/South Central District Paddling

 The Upper Alabama River

Journey through the Locks of Time on the Alabama River: An Overview of the three river lakes

Above: a regional map of the Alabama River as it flows through the state's Black Belt. Click on the image to down load a higher-resolution version of this map for planning and printing.

There is a world along the Alabama River that few people have ever seen and even fewer have fully experienced. It is a world seen from the waters still strongly tinged with over 400 years of documented history and of many, many thousands of years before that.

There have been two great discoveries along this waterway, some 300 river miles of a crescent as narrow as a new moon. The first discovery was when humans came here to live along its banks, and who left us no language to describe themselves but who left hints and clues among and beneath their enduring mounds.

The next discovery is taking place today and it involves you.

Between those two discoveries, events happened here that changed the world time and time again. People, larger than life people, the kind we don’t seem to make any more and only find in our history, walked and paddled and steamed up and down this river.

Steam-powered boats plied the water in the “Golden Age” surrounding the Civil War, carrying furniture ordered from Boston and Paris for the big fine homes along the river; bridegrooms; buggy wheels; hard-rolled cigarettes; side meat; cotton; and bolts of the coarse fabric that dressed the slaves who labored under it all. You can almost hear the work songs, chanted to the rhythm of the steam engines they stoked night and day, at every stop at every now-dead and yet-living towns along the Alabama:

            De John T Moore
            De Lula D
            An’ all dem boats is mine.
            If you can’t ship on de Lula D
            You ain’t no man o mine.

Two hundred years ago a fight broke out between settlers and Indians. It brought an end to the way of life of the river’s original inhabitants, and, in the late 1830s, soldiers went up and down the river, gathered these people out of canebrake and village and forest, and moved them to the Oklahoma territory.  The land along the Alabama was gridded out on a map and sold to a flood of people who tromped the muddy roads from Georgia and the Carolinas. They brought slavery and cottonseed with them. Those things brought on a second fight wherein the City of Montgomery became the cradle of the Confederacy. Then there was a third fight for the right to be treated like a human being, a right expected to come as a result of the second fight, but didn’t. It all happened right here, along the Alabama River. And though the fighting tore down a lot of what was here, it built up much more than it tore down.  There is actually a fourth fight going on right now to save all that is left, but we are winning that fight little by little when you come to see the history and majesty of our river.

Naturalist Nugget: The Alabama River described in this article passes through three of Alabama’s eight birding trails. Stations of those three birding trails are marked on the maps provided with each section.

The story of every punch thrown in every one of these fights, even if it is not written down word for word in a language we know, has been left like the Indian mounds as ciphers in a language we can see and examine, and there is no better way to see and examine than from a passage on the river, the blood, the original highway, the bearer of all things that came here. The locks through the dams on the Alabama River are the vital keys to that passage.

Today, the three lakes that comprise the Alabama River are the core of the Alabama Scenic River Trail, a network of thousands of miles of rivers and streams that have been formed into the nation’s longest river trail in a single state. The Alabama Scenic River Trail was designated a National Water Trail by the US Department of the Interior in 2012. Many campsites in the region are designated as paddler-only and are reachable only by water.

The Alabama River Locks
The last puff of steam left the belly of the last steamboat about the time that the first puff of steam left the first locomotive that hauled all those people and goods down iron tracks instead of rivers. The Alabama River was then constrained with dams like an elephant that had rampaged too many times to trust. The squirming monster was tamed with dams to control the raging fits that left people homeless in its mighty floods, and to generate electricity to attract jobs and light homes. To get around the dams and on to the next stretch of the river, locks were built into them.
There are three locks on the Alabama River, all operated by the US Army Corps of Engineers. They can be viewed in great detail in the three following sections of this website:

Claiborne Lock and Dam to Millers Ferry (Claiborne Lake)
Millers Ferry Lock and Dam to Robert F Henry Lock and Dam (including Camden and Selma)
Robert F. Henry Lock and Dam to Ft Toulouse (including Prattville and Montgomery

Together they comprise about 200 miles of channel and many, many more miles of backwater.

Besides their well-known function as gateways for barge traffic, the locks perform other necessary functions that we don’t often consider— they turn the segmented river back into a contiguous trail of water. Without the locks, the recreational value of the Alabama River would be diminished. Kayaks and canoes can be dragged around the dams on already-established portages. Powerboats without access to locks can be hauled around locks (expensive, inconvenient and time-consuming), but in practical terms, if no lock access is available, the powerboater experiences the river as three separate lakes. The large boat owner is hopelessly restricted to home waters, wherever that might be, if lock access is not available.

Locks were figured out thousands of years ago. They are nothing but a box, big enough for a ship that lies alongside a dam in the channel of a river. Both ends of the box can open and close. When the end on the upstream side is opened, water flows in and boats can flow right into it. Then the upstream end closes, and the water in the box is let out slowly. The boat sinks to the level of the downstream side, and then that end opens. The boat floats quietly out onto the lower water. It works in reverse, too, with the water being let into the lock raising the water level—and anything floating on it—to the height of the upstream water above the dam.

The first of them, going upriver from Mobile towards Montgomery as the first steamboat did, is Claiborne Dam. It withholds the river up to Millers Ferry Lock and Dam. Above that, between the cities of Selma, is the Robert F. Henry Lock and Dam. Each of these areas is explored in more detail in the three related content areas:
Claiborne Lake on the Alabama River—Claiborne to Millers Ferry Lock and Dam
William Dannelly Reservoir—Millers Ferry Lock and Dam to Robert F. Henry Lock and Dam
R. E. Woodruff Lake—Robert F. Henry Lock and Dam to Ft. Jackson/Ft Toulouse and Wetumpka

Day trip highlight

Put in at the Ft. Toulouse Ramp (enter Ft. Toulouse, turn left at the campground road intersection and follow to the concrete ramp on the Tallapoosa side of the peninsula) and paddle or power the 22 miles to the Montgomery Marina (note: previous information furnished to us for use on this site listed the distance for this trip as 7 miles).

The following US Army Corps of Engineers Campgrounds operate through the region:

Gunter Hill                                               334 269 1053

Prairie Creek                                          334 418 4919

Six Mile Creek Campground               334 875 6228

Chilatchee Creek Campground          334 573 2562

Millers Ferry Campground                    334 682 4191

Isaac Creek Campground                     251 282 4254

Roland Cooper State Park is located between Millers Ferry Campground and Chilatchee Creek Campground. 334 682 4838.

All other listed access in the region are either day-use parks or are specially designated paddler only campsites along the Alabama Scenic River Trail. A complete listing and more detailed maps can be found in the three related content areas on this site:

Above: The Edmund Pettus Bridge, now a national icon of the struggle for civil rights that took place in the south during the 1960s.


Below Durant’s Bend are the unmistakable Cunningham Bluffs, and less than ten miles below them is the Highway 80 bridge, a signal that the city of Selma lies above you on the banks. Selma was founded by Rufus King, a notable Dallas County landowner who was, in his time, a U.S. Senator from Alabama; President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, United States Minister to France, and Vice President of the United States. For fifteen years in Washington, D.C., James Buchanan (the fifteenth president of the United States) shared a house with King and a relationship so close that Andrew Jackson would refer to the two as “Miss Nancy and Aunt Fancy” while Aaron V. Brown would refer to “Buchanan and his wife.” One of King’s favorite books was The Songs of Selma, a collection of poems published in 1760 by James McPherson. McPherson’s publication was allegedly the work of the blind, third-century Gaelic poet Ossian, and McPherson further asserted that he had acquired the necessary ancient Gaelic tongue to wander the hills and valleys of Scotland to collect and translate the obscure texts of the long-dead poet. The texts eventually came to be known forgeries by McPherson himself, who added his own lines to existing Scottish folk-poetry. Nevertheless, The Songs of Selma became The Lord of The Rings of its time, and was so popular that even Napoleon carried the book with him into battle. In the book, Selma was the castle home of Ossian’s father Fingal, and was perched on a bluff above a river. In the story, Fingal was a Beowulf-like character appointed by his people to be the leader of the Fenians, an army of warriors whose exploits are the subject of many of Ossian’s tales.

It isn’t difficult to imagine the turn of mind that led the complex, literate King to name his city after the bluff-borne Selma of McPherson’s tales. Floating there on the river, looking up at the back of the St. James Hotel (the last surviving such structure out of all that once graced the banks of Alabama Rivers in steamboat days), the small, white bridgetender’s house beside it and the tumult of ancient commercial buildings cascading to the bottom of the water in fits, starts, and steps, the Selma of legend still lives. The bridgetender’s house is now a tiny B&B clinging to the bluff above the river. But it was once the quarters of the tender of a wooden toll bridge that spanned the river near the modern-day Edmund Pettus Bridge.

If this city told us all its tales from the heady days as rival to Montgomery as the state’s capital city; through the burning it took during the civil war; to its role as crucible in the nation’s struggle to recognize human decency; to its destination as social tourism Mecca in the present day, Ossian’s exploits would surely be rivaled.

William Rufus King lies buried, after an odd series of events, in the city’s exquisitely beautiful Live Oak Cemetery, which in my mind rivals the famous Pere Lachaise of Paris for sheer wonder and may surpass it in beauty. Two half-sisters to Abraham Lincoln’s wife Mary Todd Lincoln are also buried at Live Oak.

The Edmund Pettus Bridge, which comes into view next, was the scene of a bloody confrontation between civil rights demonstrators who had had enough of the old ways and the authorities that intended to force their obedience with violent means. The struggle and subsequent long march over the bridge and on to Montgomery is today a legend of American heroism that brings many visitors to Selma.

While there’s no good way to get from the river to downtown Selma these days, it is possible to see the city’s many picturesque historical and cultural sites after landing at Selma City Marina (being rebuilt after a fire and not yet open as of November 2012) and strolling up Dallas Avenue the several miles into the heart of the town and its museums, including the National Voting Rights Museum. Tourism information is available by calling the Selma & Dallas County Centre for Commerce at 334 875 7241. For fuel or other use of the Selma City Marina, call 334 874 2173.

For a real, riverboat-days experience, nothing beats a couple of days at the modestly-priced St James Hotel adjacent to the Edmund Pettus Bridge and within a short walk of all things downtown Selma, which has more than its share of history along its wide avenues that teemed with commerce so long ago. Today it is a quiet place, but the history is still accessible, touring by foot is easy and the food can be very good.

Here are some places where our paddling friends like to eat:

The St James Hotel—1200 Water Avenue  Selma, AL 3670  334 872 3234. Historic, charming, convenient to downtown. 

The Tally Ho—509 Mangum Avenue  Selma, AL 36701.  334 872 1390. Very good food $$$.


Hancocks Country Bar B Que. New Orville Road (a few miles out of town out Dallas Avenue) 334 872 5541.

The Pancake House. Breakfast. 1617 Broad St SelmaAL 36701. 334 872 2736.

Note: this maps features many of the known camping and access points on the Alabama River between Selma and Millers Ferry, encompassing the Gees Bend area. Miles shown are the US Army Corps of Engineer miles. 

South of Selma, which has taken a meandering but primarily east-to-west course from Montgomery, the river takes a dive for Mobile. From Selma to its terminus at the birth of the Mobile River, the Alabama may wander through loops, bights and bends but never strays its aim far from its end 38 miles above the Gulf of Mexico.

The Selma City Marina, though it is not officially finished rebuilding as of November 2012, is nonetheless an official campground on the Alabama Scenic River Trail where through-paddlers may camp and day-paddlers may land or embark. There is a small grove of trees on the side of the parking area from the marina building that serves as the ASRT campsite. 

Nine river miles below Selma Marina is the USACE campground known as Six Mile Park where Six Mile Creek enters the Alabama at Mile 194. In 2012, Six Mile was closed for the winter after October and may be in coming years. It's a great place to stay if it is open. Look carefully for the inlet from the river if approaching the campground as it is not marked with a sign; the docks and ramp cannot quite be seen from the channel.

About fifteen miles below the bluffs of Selma are the low banks at the inlet of the Cahaba River. One of the state’s best-loved waterways today, the ghost town of Old Cahawaba above the inlet on the Alabama is all that is left of an emotional struggle that pitted the old Alabama capital of Cahawba, as it was called, against the upstart Montgomery farther up the river and higher on the banks. Ultimately, newspaper reports of the fevers and floods that plagued the low-lying river town—however untrue they might have been—brought it to its knees; lives were changes, political power tilted toward Montgomery and countless Cahaba fortunes were lost to the Alabama River. Though the streets of the town became silent and bare, the imprint of them is very much alive in the archaeological park today. The tours and guidance of the staff make them livelier still, and a visit by paddleboat, powerboat or car is highly recommended.

Contact Old Cahawba Archeological Park at 9518 Cahaba Road Orrville, AL. 334 872 8058.

A few miles down the river are White Bluff, a gleaming cusp of white stone cut into the outer curve of the riverbank. Add the 120 feet that the depth finder reads to the bottom of the river to the hundred or so feet of gleaming stone above you and you’ll grasp the true geological sense of this palisade at mile 179.5. As you pass beneath it, realize that the depth of the water here is equal to the height of the bluff, some seventy feet. At the downstream end of White Bluff a steep canyon called The Ravine beckons paddlers for a few hours away from the wide and glittering Alabama.

Above: White BluffPhoto by Charles Seifried.

Between Six Mile and Elm Bluff Park there was no place to camp until landowner Woody Till offered to let us drive a campsite sign in the ground and put his contact information up as a Trail Angel on the ASRT. Called Till's Landing (River Mile 183), this stopover for through-paddlers is too remote to serve as a point of access. In fact, we ask that you don't even try. You would have to go through a number of farm fields to get to it, and that would violate our agreement with the landowner. If you need help, supplies, or a ride, call the number on the sign.

South of Tills Landing is Elm Bluff Park at River Mile 168.5. This is another primitive campground that tends to stay open year-round. It's an excellent site and another place where careful spotting of the inlet will lead in a few hundred yards to the ramp. There is no cell phone service in the park per se; hike a quarter mile up the hill for a few bars. The phone kind, not the kind with swinging doors. And if you see a guy driving a golf cart with a Natural Light in one hand and fishing pole in the other, that's Bobby Wright, area resident and all-around good-friend of all who boat on the Alabama.

Between Elm Bluff Campground and Chilatchee Creek is the Portland day use area on the north side of the river. The ramp and pavilion are a half mile off the river on the right after the creek narrows, so if you are bent on taking out at Portland don't give up if you don't see the ramp right away.

At mile 158 we near the Chilatchee Creek Campground. This U.S. Army Corps of Engineers site offers developed camping with water and electricity, in fact Chilatchee has everything the Corps has to offer in a campground. Plus, you will always see an alligator here, even if it is a small one. Once again, the campground is half a mile or so off the channel. Powerboaters in low water will need to hug the left bank going in to wind around to the campground, showers, laundry and bathrooms. Paddlers can aim straight for the back and pass between the two islands flanking the center run to reach the camping area.

 US Army Corps of Engineers information on the Alabama River

If you need assistance or planning information on one of the Alabama River Lakes (Robert F. Henry, William "Bill" Dannelly, or Claiborne), you may use the contact information below:

Ike Lyon, Recreational Manager, USACE
8493 US Highway 80 West
Hayneville, Alabama 36040

Click here to view a printable table of all USACE Alabama River boat ramps and related information, including waypoints.

Click here to view a printable table of all USACE Alabama River parks and related information, including waypoints.

Camping opportunities at USACE-operated campgrounds are catalogued in the Guidebooks for sale in the store on this website.
The big bends

Downstream of Chilatchee is the near-figure-eight that is the combination of Canton Bend and Gees Bend. The night sky is like a roll of black velvet with the lurid stars painted on in exaggerated detail. It is THE place to see the International Space Station pass over. During the day, as the temperatures rise, so do the visions of the generations making cotton on this land. King Cotton has been deposed; his royal highness has fled and the land here is in cultivation mostly to support timber and cattle. We'd like to see tourism added to that list, as the area is ripe for exploration.

And in this near-figure-eight are several places to step out of the river and into civilization and vice-versa. Two of the best in the area are Roland Cooper State Park and Miller’s Ferry Campground, the latter operated by the U.S. Army Corps of engineers. Only nine miles or so apart by land, they are about 20 river miles apart. Both are on the east bank of their respective stretches of the river (Miller’s Ferry Campground was formerly called and still appears on some maps as East Bank Campground) and both offer beautiful views of the sun dropping into the Alabama every fair evening. Roland Cooper State Park features a small store; there are no provisions at Miller’s Ferry Campground. Millers Ferry campground is adjacent to Millers Ferry Marina, which caters primarily to powercraft but whose operator will take care of all who come his way, however they arrive. Roland Cooper State Park offers river access by way of docks and an excellent ramp. Miller’s Ferry Campground features both a ramp and several small docks for paddlecraft that step right into well-developed campsites. 

Above: One of the many sights on the Alabama River. Photo by Bill Vanderford.

For Roland Cooper state Park, follow the signs from the channel into the slough to the State park and the adjacent Bridgeport Beach, a former USACE park that is now owned and operated by Wilcox County. This park is worth a visit and is the place to spend a night or two to explore the area or as a base for any travel the area. The Park offers campsites only a few hundred feet from the Alabama River in an area with more twists than Chubby Checker. Look for the several campsites that view the river through a veil of Spanish moss. A century-and-a-half ago, people traveling the Alabama by steamboat would disembark near the site of the current-day state park and then take wagons into Camden. So slow was the progress of the boats through the tortuous channel that the travelers could shop all day in Camden at their leisure, then take a wagon to the next stop down the river where they would re-board the steamer with the day’s loot and continue on the river.

Arrive before sundown to watch the park attendants feed deer in easy sight of the parking area. Golfers will be surprised to see the condition of the park’s course in this isolated place.

You’ll have some cell phone reception in the park’s high spots. Unnumbered sites with the best views are near the first site by the bathhouse. These offer a view of the river through a gentle wooded slope. There a many nice sites to choose from, each with something different to offer.

Roland Cooper Park is six miles from Camden, 28 miles south of Selma off Alabama Highway 41 on the William Dannelly Reservoir of the Alabama River.

Above: Heron in the mist near Gees Bend. Photo by Bill Vanderford.

Between Chilatchee and Roland Cooper State Park on river left, heading downstream are incredible backwater experiences for the powerboater and paddler alike in Lidell's Slough and the even larger Buzzards Roost, more of a riverside lake than a slough. The CartoCraft map of the area for sale in our online store is a good guide. Our River Heritage Guidebook is a worthwhile investment as well.

Above: Not everything on the Alabama River is in the main channel. There are dozens upon dozens of backwaters to explore.

Following southeast and then east around Gees Bend from the park will lead, at two points, to the two ports of the Gees Bend Ferry that provide a water connection along County Road 28. This ferry provides the only direct route to the Boykin community and the people of Gees Bend, once living in obscure poverty but today famous for the art of their quilting. The first to be passed, on the south side of the river, is the side nearest to Camden. Once it is spotted to the left going downstream, look immediately to the right—you'll see nothing but trees. That's because the channel is separated from a slough by a barrier island that, if you could see through it, would reveal the location of the ferry terminal on the Gees Bend side. To find the northern ferry terminus, travel about a mile downstream past the southern terminus and keep an eye out for the markers as they describe the channel back into a slough on your right. As you enter the slough you will see the ferry landing ahead on your left. The spiffy new terminal building for the north landing is about a block and a half up the road approaching the terminal on the right. There is a similar terminal that has been in place for the southern terminus, but it is about three miles from the water on Highway 28 where it is joined by County Road 28.

Many “benders” are the decendants of slaves who had once worked the land here, almost perished during the Great Depression. Since the days following the Civil War, benders had worked the land and had been quietly taken care of by the owners’ lawyers. When the price of cotton plummeted during the depression, the crops they grew no longer paid for their food, seed and utensils. Absentee landlords discovered their presence here and booted them from their homes at gunpoint, leaving them literally to starve to death. The poor former tenants would certainly have died during the terrible winter that followed their ousting had it not been for the kindness of neighboring farmers, the Red Cross, and the newly-established New Deal programs that delivered financial aid to these desperate people here in this remote bend of the river.

There is plenty of river here for the boater and the ferry, which runs the river eight times a day the year around. If you’re in a powerboat, be sure to keep an eye on the depth if you are out of the channel if you make way for the ferry. Watch for the ferry markers and you'll be OK.

Just downstream of the Gees Bend Ferry Terminal, river right, is the Gees Bend Park. Long a playground and place for family fun, the park is also now an official campsite along the Alabama Scenic River Trail. 

The famous quilters of Gees Bend

If you’re in the Gees Bend area and want to see the famous quilters at work, you’ll want to take the ferry if coming from the south. From the nearby town of Camden, take Highway 41 out of town and turn left on Highway 10. Look for County Road 28 north of town, and then take Ellis Landing Road at the Gees Bend Ferry sign in sight of the big silos.

Above: Quilters at work on Gees Bend. Photo by Bill Vanderford.

The quilters meet at the Boykin Nutrition Center each morning Monday through Thursday at 8:30 and work until after lunch. To feed your party you'll find plenty of food in nearby Camden, notably Miss Kitty's which recently moved from its in-town location of many years to suburban quarters on the bypass near the Piggly Wiggly. The food is real-deal soul food and Miss Kitty packs 'em in. Several fast food outlets are nearby.

No mention of food in the black belt would be complete without Gaines Ridge Dinner Club (933 Highway 10 East Camden, Alabama 36726334 682 9707. Open Thursday through Saturday 5:30 PM - 9 PM. The setting, an antebellum home in the country, is stunning. The owner/chef is talented and the food is as international as it is southern.

More information on cultural Camden can be found by calling Black Belt Treasures at 334 682 9878 or the Regional Tourism Headquarters in Thomasville at 334 636 0120.

Check the numbers above for current ferry schedule information. There is a $3.00 fee for each car and driver on the ferry, with an additional $1 per passenger. Cash only, no receipt.

Below the ferry port on the south bank of the river is Ellis Landing, an extensive day use facility. Heading north and then east and over the adjacent Canton Bend is the County Road 28 Bridge where you’ll find the Millers Ferry Campground on your left and the Millers Ferry Marina on your right. This little marina is big on services and hospitality. In addition to a dock, ramp, berths (as they become available), gasoline, propane and bait, proprietor Charles Stogner and his wife operate a restaurant and will even provide rides to Camden and the provisions available at neighboring commercial shopping areas. The marina can be reached at 334 682 5125. Gasoline must be arranged by calling ahead these days.

Less than a mile below the bridge is Millers Ferry Dam. Stay to the right of the long pointed peninsula and stay left into the lock. The locks don’t operate around the clock or even every day of the week anymore. Call ahead to 205 682 4877 with your expected lock time. If your trip doesn’t coincide with the lock’s shift operation, and you are in a paddleboat, then a marked portage is available to you. Obey the signs for where you can and can’t go and don’t cut corners or circumvent fences—you could be in violation of homeland security restrictions.

The quiet and secluded Cobbs Landing stands about two miles below the dam. There’s nothing more here than a flat parking lot, a ramp and a toilet, and it’s three miles to County Road 28.

From either Roland Cooper State Park or Millers Ferry Campground, provisions, dining and shopping can be found at a commercially-developed spot a few miles north on Highway 10 (Camden bypass) from its four-way-stop intersection with County Road 28. Don’t go to this area, though, without a visit to Black Belt Treasures in Camden, a store that sells the creations of artisans from the state’s eleven black belt counties. This converted auto dealership will surprise everyone with its artworks, furniture, books, glass, quilts and lawn ornaments. Contact the store at 334 682 9878.
What is the black belt?

In hearing or reading about Alabama, you’ll often find references to the state’s Black Belt. Don’t feel bad if you’re not sure what it means. Many Alabamians can’t tell you either.

The term refers primarily to dense black topsoil over a layer of Selma chalk, a light limestone in a belt that stretches from Virginia to Texas. It covers the lower middle of Alabama. This land produced great quantities of cotton before it was worn out by exploitation, and is farmed very little in its current state. The Black Belt cotton grown in years past depended upon the Alabama and other related rivers to reach the cotton markets and shippers in Mobile and New Orleans.

The black belt is the prairie of Alabama, in a literal sense as well a a geological one. The lands was scraped flat by glaciers in a previous ice age, and among the glaciers were open spots where plants and critters were pushed south to the black belt. Mitchell's satyr butterfly, for instance, can be found only in certain spots in the black belt and areas of Minnesota and Michigan. The insect, one of the living things brought south with the glaciers, never left after they moved on.
Day trip highlights

Several day trips are available in this area for the adventurous powerboater or paddler willing to stay on top of navigation and keep an eye out for river traffic, which includes the Gees Bend ferry and its wide swings to stay between channel markers.

If you’re camping at Roland Cooper State Park or Millers Ferry Campground, paddling the environs of the river from either place will provide an afternoon of exploration. Millers Ferry Campground actually has shared and individual campsite access to the water, and both campgrounds have boat ramps.

The same short trip is available by launching from Millers Ferry Marina. The marina restaurant is the only place to eat for many miles if you don’t bring a lunch.

For a more challenging outing, consider paddling from Roland Cooper State Park to either Millers Ferry Campground or Millers Ferry Marina (they’re adjacent on the river). It’s 16.7 miles from one place to the other, and the Gee’s Bend Ferry Landing presents on the right as a brunch spot (stop early if you’re coming down from Roland Cooper State Park. It’s a lot closer to Gees Bend than Gees Bend is to Millers Ferry. The ferry’s channel markers are a good clue as to how to get up to the landing, where you’ll find a picnic shelter in plain sight. Bring anything you need, though. There’s no restaurant on The Bend.

A shorter trip to Gees Bend involved traveling the Ellis Landing Road and following the signs to the public landing, not across the bridge to the Ellis Island community. Use the public landing to launch, then leave the slough by traveling northeast and into the channel. Once there, turn westerly (downstream) and look for markers to guide you around the bar to your right and into the channel and again to your right (east), where the Ferry landing will be on your left. If it weren’t for the jog around the bar, you could head straight from Ellis Landing to the ferry dock.

Motorboaters and canoeists should have no trouble negotiating the height of the dock. Kayakers might find this difficult at low water levels.

Suggested Gees Bend Daytrips
Explore  Alabama's Black Belt by River.The women of Gees Bend were "discovered" by the outside world in the 1970s, making quilts with an almost impossible parallel to the American expres­sionist art movement from which they lived physically and culturally worlds apart. To get close to the area with a kayak or canoe, consider staying at the US Army Corps of Engineers parks at Millers Ferry or Chilatchee Creek for a full-service experience. If a taste of wild is more to your liking, try US Army Corps of Engineers Elm Bluff Park.  The closest  place to use as base camp is right by the north ferry terminal at Gees Bend Park. It is a short walk from here to the ferry terminal  (the nearby Gees Bend Ferry will transport your paddle boat, or your car, or just you). 
Plan your trip: From the nearby town of Camden, take Highway 41 North from downtown and turn left on Highway 10 West. At the 4-way stop, take a right onto State Highway 28 West. Then take a right onto Ellis Landing Road at the Gees Bend Ferry sign in sight of the big silos.
The nearby ghost town of Old Cahawba, the state's original capital, is the retold story of  an emotional struggle that brought the old town to its knees and tilted power toward the present capital Montgomery. Walk up from the landing and grab a free bike for exploration.
Old Cahawba Archeological Park
9518 Cahaba  Road  Orrville AL  36767
(334) 872-8058,

Black Belt Treasures-the exclusive work of Black Belt artisans
209 Claiborne St Camden, AL 36726 (334) 682 9878
Black Belt Regional Tourism Director In Thomasville (334)  636-0120

Millers Ferry Marina (334)  682-5125

Gees Bend Ferry
1 001  Earl Hilliard Rd, Camden, AL 36726 (251) 8613000

Millers Ferry Campground  (US Army Ccrps of Engineers)
111 East Bank Park, Camden, AL 36726
Park Phone (334)  682-41 91  

Chilatchee Creek Campground  (US Army Corps of Engineers)
2267 Chilatchee Creek Road, Alberta, AL 36720
Park Phone (334)  573 2562

The wreck of the Orline St. John

One of the most famous tragedies from the days of steamboats occurred on March fourth, 1850, about 20 miles above the town of Camden. One of the most successful steamboat operators of his time, John Meaher (for whom Meaher State Park in Spanish Fort is named) fell in love with the young daughter of a prominent New Orleans family. He named his newest boat, a craft that compared in splendor and size to many of the best on the great northern rivers, after her. On this day it was steaming north against a stiff headwind, and fast-burning pine cordwood was stacked conveniently around the mouth of the boiler. The ship had set out from Mobile for Montgomery on March first. It stopped to take on extra fuel at the landing of the small town of Bridgeport on the afternoon of March 5th in an attempt to get passengers to Montgomery on the sixth in time for an important train connection. The captain had pushed the boat hard, and it had “run well, averaging fifteen miles (per hour) against the current” as was noted by a witness on board. At four-thirty on the fifth of March, the cry of “fire!” rang out and within two minutes everyone on board was involved in an effort to save themselves from the flames, the churning paddlewheel, the smoke, the cold muddy waters of the Alabama or the inevitable impact with the bank after which the scars were visible a hundred years later.

Forty people died, including all the women and children on board. Many of them were laid to rest in a common grave in Camden.

There were no bridges then, no convenient way to cross these wide waters as we have today. Here were plantations with steep wooden slides to get bales of cotton from the field to the boat; here were landings that were the mini-metropolises of the frontier (back in the early days, going “out west” meant going to Alabama, which was known as the western territory) and here was a way of life wrapped around the river as the river here wraps around the land. Travelers complained that they were never out of earshot of the curses and foul language of the young men who piloted their passengers and pitched their cargo on the busy and crowded Alabama. Travelers also complained about waiting for the boats to load with cotton at each frequent stop in the river, a task that often took a full day or even more. Anxious to get down to Mobile or back up to Montgomery or Selma during these languid interruptions, there was nothing to do but gamble, socialize and listen to the musicians aboard these floating towns. Unless, that is, you happened to be a geologist in those days.

Why Alabama Rocks

It is no coincidence that the science of geology uses many names for soil and rock types that were taken from steamboat stops along Alabama’s rivers. Before Alabama became a state, and before America became a nation, European scientists were riding the rivers on every kind of craft to view the spectacular geology that Alabama offers. Few places on earth offer such insight to so many geological formations. Other parts of the world may offer some of the same features, but those tend to be obscured by jungle or are too remote for easy observation. There are places on Alabama rivers where I have gathered hundreds of fossils in a handful of earth simply by reaching out from my kayak.

If you want to discover the secret wonder of Alabama fossils and geology for yourself, try the book Lost Worlds in Alabama Rocks by Jim Lacefield.

Shipwrecks on the Alabama

This stretch of the Alabama River has seen its share of shipwrecks over the years they plied the river with passengers and trade.

Nearby at mile 118.5, the sidewheeler Joab Lawrence snagged and sank on August 28, 1807.

At mile 92.5, the Confederate sidewheeler Commodore Ferrand sank in 1865.

The Orline St. John burned and sank on March 5th, 1850, twenty miles above Camden, in a tragic incident reported in newspapers around the world.

At mile 253.2, two miles above Holy Ground Battlefield Park, just below Autaugaville, the Union steamboat Autaugi went down in 1865 with its macabre cargo of the bodies of dead soldiers that had been reclaimed from the Confederate prison camp at Cahaba for their final journey home.

District 9/Southeast District Paddling

The Choctwhatchee River from Browns Crossroads in Dale County, Alabama to Choctawhatchee Bay in Florida to  the Gulf of Mexico

The town of Ozark does not lie directly on the river, but is near its floatable headwaters, is close to the river, and has the amenities that travelers to a distant region would want. In addition, the lower section has little access but plentiful sandbars, and flows into Florida where it ends up in the Choctawhatchee Bay, which provides access to Santa Rosa Beach, Destin and Ft Walton Beach among many other destinations. The bay is about as far from the Florida line as the Florida line is from Ozark.
On the accompanying map, I have located the places where I visited and took waypoints.  The stretch of river it outlines is that from Browns Crossroads to Highway 84 Bridge, with John Hutto Park in the town of Newton the halfway point between them. From Browns Crossroads to Newton is about a day; from Newton to Highway 84 is another day. Below Newton, sandbars are plentiful. Above Newton, they are not really needed.
Numbers that precede entries in this report match locations marked on the accompanying map.
1. Browns Crossroads, (31.410974, -85.534957) where County Road 27 crosses the Choctawhatchee, is not the uppermost point of entry to the river but it is the uppermost public access that I know of. About 800 feet above this slablike ford across the river (I am told that in low water the river bottom is a popular playground for onroad and offroad four-wheelers. The entire area is obviously a gathering place for partiers but is not secluded enough to make any real troublemakers happy) is a two-to-three foot drop. The West Fork Choctawhatchee and Judy Creek come together just above the drop to form the Choctawhatchee.
From the CR 27 crossing, a nice fast shoal begins the trip downstream.

Above: Choctawhatchee below the confluence with Judy’s Creek, viewed from the put-in at Browns Crossroads where County Road 27 crosses the river.
From there, it is a day’s paddle to Newton. Town is close enough to walk to. There is water, electricity, portable toilets and camping in John Hutto Park on the river. From just driving around, there looks to be other places to access the river, but not to camp.  The park has a boat ramp access to the river.
2. Highway 231 Bridge. (31.394737, -85.554258). Between Browns Crossroads and Newton is the Highway 231 Bridge, whose theoretical access is not recommended for two reasons. One, access from the four-lane highway to the river involves one of the most dangerous maneuvers I have seen in Alabama. If you have to do it, make sure you have a roof rack and not a trailer. Second, the access itself is riprap to the river, about as steep as it can be stacked. There is no real landing at the water level. You have to be fit and have good balance to even make the walk without a boat and gear. No real matter though; unless there needs to be an emergency exit here, there is no reason to use it. Newton is close enough.

Above: The ultra-steep takeout at below Highway 231, plus the tortuous access road, makes the site OK only when a matter of lie and death.
3. Newton, John Hutto Park access. (31.343739, -85.616149). John Hutto Park in Newton has access, free camping, water and electricity. A phone number to have the water turned on will be noted on the signs for John Hutto Park—abuse of the water system by locals makes this necessary.

Above: View from near the ramp at Newton’s John Hutto Park.

Above: Spacious John Hutto Park grounds.
4. Highway 84 Bridge. (31.275602, -85.678201). The next stop, so far as I have been able to determine, is Highway 84 Bridge with its spacious white sand beaches. The river on both sides of the highway is reachable from access roads on the west side of the highway. The access road for the westbound lane (toward Clayhatchee) is in fairly good shape with ways around the low wet spots. Be careful to park on this hard sand; the transition to deep soft sand is sudden, and an extraction may be required even for 4 wheel drive vehicles. The road on the eastbound side, towards Dothan, is in very bad shape but is hard-packed nearly all the way to the river.

Above: The big sandbar at Highway 84 Bridge. Don’t travel the road  far enough to see this; stop your car on the hard sand if driving here. There is ample parking that is not soft sand. AAA will not extract a car from here, and you will need it.

Above: Below Highway 84 Bridge.
4a, 4b. The Little Choctawhatchee. From its origins near Dothan, the Little C. comes into the Big C. between Newton and Clayhatchee. The smaller river is important for two reasons in addition to its serene natural beauty: first, it contains water for more of the year than the larger river and offers more opportunity to paddle during the summer months; its close-together bridges offer a fine afternoon trip when time is limited.
The Little Choctawhatchee flows west to east, with the farthest (so far explored) access on the Little C. is below the Highway 123 Bridge. Not a bad access.
4a. CR 123. (31.274387, -85.619604). Paddlers on the Little Choctawhatchee with more than an hour or two on their hands may travel the little river to its confluence with the big one just above the Highway 92 Crossing. The distance from the Highway 123 put-in and the Highway 92 take-out is about ten miles, or half a day without dawdling as these two rivers move along pretty well.

Above: Below the 123 Bridge.
4b. Old Powerdam access to the Little Choctawhatchee. (31.272495, -85.647572). In about three miles, the paddler launching from Highway 123 will arrive at the Old Powerdam Road site at the CR 121 Bridge. The towering hulk of the abandoned dam’s powerhouse can be seen from the road and can’t be missed from the river. If paddling from Highway 123, keep your boat to the right where the river splits around a small island to avoid the hazardous dam. If you are putting in at CR 121, the only put-in available will start you off below the danger.  This spot is a rough one and is a prime candidate for a small grant for easy improvements that would make it an excellent point of access. Anyone wanting to take out here should hang to the right as explained above, paddle around the end of the island under the bridge, and then against the current to the takeout.

Above: Keep far right approaching this dam from upstream to take the far side of the island in the next image. There is a hole in the dam there that makes for an easy landing after paddling the short distance around the island seen at left in the image above.

Above: Keeping right of the island in the picture will allow you to double back around the point under the bridge in this picture in the direction of the camera, where they takeout will be found.

Above: This obstacle at the otherwise decent takeout at Powerdam Road could and should be removed.
5. Highway 92 access near Clayhatchee (31.235796, -85.689929) is an amazing one. In the broad panorama before you standing on the Alabama State Ramp aside the immense unpaved parking lot, the view takes in generous sandbars—popular camping spots across the wide bend of the river—and locally-popular swimming holes.
The run from Highway 123 on the West Choctawhatchee down to Highway 92 on the Choctawhatchee is a good one.

Above and below: The Highway 92 ramp near Clayhatchee.

Highway 167. Below the Highway 92 access at Clayhatchee the big river passes under Highway 167 in about ten miles. Sandbars abound, there is no further need for a campsite. But those wishing to leave the river here should treat this as an emergency exit only. It would be the rare vehicle and skilled driver that could actually make it to the river.
Highway 52 Bridge.The next stop, some 21 miles below Highway 167, the Highway 52 bridge crosses the river just outside of the town of Geneva, so  close that there would be almost no point in taking out there for only a mile beyond lies Geneva City Park.
6. Geneva City Park (31.024684, - 85.857342). The town of Geneva has an interest in paddling. The Pea and Choctawhatchee rivers come together at the park. There is a good powerboat ramp and a smaller, paddle-boat-only access not far from each other. The City Clerk has been an avid paddler in the past.
Camping is permitted for a fee only on designated sites in Geneva City Park, which was established primarily for RV camping. The Alabama Scenic River Trail has been tentatively invited to install a campsite sign in the park.
South of Geneva there are sandbars for camping at nearly every bend.

Above: The ramp at Geneva City Park, the confluence of the Pea and the Choctawhatchee.
7. East Pittman Public Ramp. (30.947607, -85.843413).. Just a few road miles south of Geneva is the Florida-Alabama State Line and just below that is the next Choctawhatchee access, East Pitman Ramp off Florida County Road 2. East Pittman is a spacious public ramp with parking. Road access east bank westbound lane.

Above: Excellent East Pittman Park Ramp under Highway 2 in Florida just south of Geneva.
8. Choctawhatchee at Highway 90 Bridge. (30.755402, -85.827047). This public launch is adjacent to a small park with pavilions. Ramp access is on the west bank on a paved road. Railroad and road bridges stand together so this access is unmistakable from the water.

Above: Sandbars under Highway 90 serve as an excellent access.
Interstate 10.There is no apparent way to access the river under Interstate 10 is it is completely fenced in.
8a. Holmes Creek Canoe Livery and Water Park, Vernon, Florida. (30.630230, -85.710379). Holmes Creek seems to be a more important part of the Florida Water Trail than is the Choctawhatchee. The outfitters serves the area near Venon, Florida up to or beyond the Alabama-Florida line on the Choctawhatchee. The park is on State Road 79 in Vernon, Florida. 850-210-7001. or
Family-oriented business on scenic Holmes Creek which connects with the Choctawhatchee River as it runs between Ozark Alabama and Choctawhatchee Bay on the Gulf of Mexico. 
  • Kayak single $30
  • Kayak Double $40
  • Shuttles start at $15

  • 2-4 hour trips $35
  • 4-8 hour trips $45
  • Overnight camping trip $70 (2-day, 1-night 20-30 mile trip on the Choctawhatchee)
Trips are planned and priced anywhere from Pittman Creek Landing on Highway 2 (just south of Geneva, Alabama) to  Cowford Bridge on Highway 20 in Ebro.
All trips are priced for two adults. Children under 12 $5.00. Youth groups, churches and military call for discounted rates.
Water park $5.00/person. Water park is free with canoe rentals.
Zip line $10/person.
Guided River Swamp Tours for hunting, fishing and photography.
Guides available.
Drop off and pick up services available.

Above: Holmes Creek livery in Vernon, Florida.
8c. Seven Runs Recreational Area. (30.539247, -85.920510). Seven Runs is a beautiful tributary to the Choctawhatchee. The site is a pavilion, fishing platform and handicap access on a clear yellow creek right on Highway 81. Portable toilet. Put in here (parking is limited) and paddle approximately seven miles to an astounding cypress swamp. Or, make the same trip in an hour or less from the other direction:
8b. Seven Runs Campground and Cypress Swamp. (30.542409, -85.890449). South of Seven Runs Recreational Area on Highway 81 is Dead River Road. A cemetery occupies the northwest corner of the intersection, and the cemetery is easier to spot than the road sign at highway speeds. Turn east to follow Dead River Road to its end. The road is a smooth and safe dirt surface. At the end, you will find an as-yet unnamed and very well developed campground with about ten camper sites and a couple of pull-throughs. Facilities are primitive but there are toilets. The site has a ramp, fishing dock and several nice pavilions with tables.
Leaving the ramp to the left takes you upstream to one of the finest cypress swamps you may ever encounter. Some of the knees are five feet high, and the enormous swollen trunks are breathtaking. The place is quiet and serene and flowing with the same clear water found upstream at the Seven Runs Recreational area mentioned above. The entire trip would take less than two hours if you wanted to tour the cypress swamp.

Above: Magnificent cypress swamp with old-growth trees just a 15 minute paddle from Seven Runs Park (official name not known, but locations and directions described in narrative). 
9. Choctawhatchee Public Ramp at Florida 20 (Cowford Ramp).  (30.451295, -85.898915). Spacious public boat ramp with sand and concrete launch adjacent to the bridge. River is wide and winding here. Beautiful old growth cypress woods nearby. Adjacent to Cowford Ramp where there is spacious parking and a pavilion. The area is called Cowford Bridge by locals in is close to the community of Ebro.

Above: The ramp below Florida 20, adjacent to Cowford Park and also called Cowford Ramp.
10. Choctawhatchee River confluence with Choctawhatchee Bay (30.396135, -86.120991). The paddler on the Choctawhatchee will find a lonely entrance to the bay. There are no communities around as the river winds through and near Lone Pine State Forest and finds its several routes into the bay through a low delta. The most prominent channel is marked with the waypoint above, called locally South Mouth. There are other mouths, but this is one of the main ones and is just a few miles above Point Washington, Florida.
Once a paddler has reached Choctawhatchee Bay, famous beaches like Miramar, Santa Rosa, Ft Walton and many others are at hand, is the night life, food and accommodations along well-loved vacation destination 30A. The 331 Bridge and causeway run north and south just five miles west of the river’s entry into the bay.

Above: A map of the Choctawhatchee from Dale County Alabama to Choctawhatchee Bay in Florida. Holmes Creek, Seven Run and Little Choctawhatchee are included.  Click here to download a larger version for trip planning.

Click here to download a multi-page PDF of this article.
Summary.The Choctawhatchee River offers an experience commensurate with its length and many of the better paddles already in the catalog of the Alabama Scenic River Trail. As far as I know, there is not impediment to paddling its entire length from near Ozark Alabama to Choctawhatchee Bay, Florida. Camping and access is adequate or better. Promoting the river as part of the ASRT could be the first significant multi-state initiative we have undertaken, and could draw a number of paddlers from Florida as well as attract paddlers from Alabama. I would like to see its development as part of ASRT set the stage for similar adoption of the other isolated rivers of southeastern Alabama.
Jim Felder
799 Ashley Drive
Madison, AL 35758
256 426 0558

The Chattahoochee River

Whitewater on the Chattahoochee in Phenix City, Alabama and Columbus, Georgia

Things have gotten wild in Phenix City, Alabama. In fact, you'll be lucky to survive a trip through the middle of town without getting a good soaking. It's almost impossible. But consider the situation: the Chattahoochee River between Phenix City, Alabama and Columbus, Georgia is now a series of roaring whitewater events with an outfitter to help you get wild safely.

The Chattahoochee Whitewater project was begun as an environmental restoration of the river to its natural state by removing the two dams that had impounded the river—preventing fish passage— since the times when water-powered cloth mills wove millions of miles of thread into the fabric of the local economy. The dam removals restored two miles of river habitat for listed endangered species, creating a fish passage for American shad, striped bass and herring. A bird habitat was also created, as was a habitat for humanus recreatus which seems to be flourishing in these waters.

To serve the latter, the renowned whitewater experts Mclaughlin Group ( ) were brought in to design a world-class whitewater challenge. The resulting whitewater park, at two miles, is the longest urban whitewater facility in the world.

Since its opening May 25th, 2013, the outfitter Whitewater Express has sent down 10,000+ participants in the course's first season. A Columbus State University Economic Impact Study estimates 60,000 – 100,000 participants a year will enjoy the course which is expected to yield $4 - $7 million per year for the twin cities of Phenix City, Alabama and Columbus, Georgia.

The coming seasons are expected to see the addition of ziplines, ropes courses and climbing walls to the experience. The Phenix City side of the river is the site of the outfitter now serving the course, and the shade and easy egress into the river from that side makes Phenix City a desirable location for whitewater access.

Kelli Roberts
Phenix City, Alabama Convention and Visitors Bureau
(334) 298-3639

Peter Bowden
Columbus, Georgia Convention and Visitors Bureau
(706) 322-1613

Whitewater Express Outfitters 

Suggested Chattahoochee Daytrip

Rollicking whitewater rafting on the Chattahoochee. The world's longest urban whitewater course includes five rapids of Class IV or higher plus 10 smaller rapids. Commercial rafting trips bounce straight through town. Surfing has been compared  to that on the Zambezi River. Swarms of shoal bass draw swarms of fishermen and blue heron. Accompanied by a "lazy river" for tubes, duckies are for rent along with SUPs and such. Competitive rowing planned, zip lines between Alabama and Georgia operating now.

Plan your trip: Do-it-yourself float trips are best left to experienced whitewater paddlers. Sign up for a commercial rafting trip.
Chattahoochee Outdoor Academy/Whitewater Express
Russell County Ccnvention and Visitors Bureau
1107 Broad  Street  Phenix City, AL 36867 (334) 2983639

District 10/Delta-Bay-Gulf District Paddling

Above: The Alabama Scenic River Trail has produced and printed this guide (map side shown) on waterproof paper. Anyone contemplating a trip in or through the area south of Claiborne needs a guide like this. These can be purchased at our website store.

Above: An example of the exacting detail in the ASRT Delta Guidebook.

The Tensaw-Mobile Delta

Around a cat’s cradle of waterways strung between the Mobile and Tensaw rivers in a ten-mile-wide swath lies 2,550,000 acres of the second-largest river delta in the nation (only Louisiana’s Atchalafaya is larger). It is the last refuge of the state’s black bear population and home to endangered species including the Alabama redbellied turtle. If you eat seafood from the Alabama gulf coast, chances are that it was born here in the delta. Comprising only the 135th part of the state’s total area, the delta shouldered half of the state’s 20th century extinctions. What will the 21st century lose? Hopefully, for all our sakes, not the other half.

History along the Mobile and Tensaw Rivers

Ft. Stoddard, an American outpost north of Mobile in the early 1800s, was located at mile 43 on the Mobile River at the present-day town of Mt. Vernon. The fort happened to be a convenient place to store its two most illustrious inhabitants, US Vice President Aaron Burr and the Apache leader Geronimo.

Burr was running from the law after killing Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel that began with an insult from Hamilton about Burr’s family. Burr was in the area disguised as a trapper. He was trying to make his way to Florida where he could take a ship to London, but a local sheriff discovered him on a farm a few miles upriver from Ft. Stoddard.

Burr was acquitted of Hamilton’s murder and went on to serve under president Thomas Jefferson, during which time a plot was uncovered whereby Burr and others would invade Mexico and Burrr would become king. Jefferson charged him with treason. He was found to be innocent of the charges, but his political life was beyond saving by that time.

The great Geronimo was imprisoned here for a time when he was being transferred from his place of capture in Arizona to Ft. Pickens in Pensacola in 1886.

The city of Mobile was founded in 1702 by D’Iberville as Louisiana’s first capital. Mobile Bay was discovered in 1519 by the Spanish Explorer Pineda. The famous Cabeza de Vaca survived a shipwreck which some—but not all—historians say was off of Ft. Morgan. Whether his famous shipwreck was here or not, he did spend time in Mobile Bay and on a small island off Dauphin Island in search of water. He was subsequently captured by the Indians. His journey on foot from Alabama to Spanish Territory in Vera Cruz, Mexico—naked, starving, and still handcuffed by his captors—is one of the greatest feats of survival of all time.

The Bartram Canoe Trail

Once you pass under the power lines at mile 7.5 you’re in the realm of Alabama’s Bartram Canoe Trail, a peaceful maze of Alabama jungle designed for the paddling naturalist and outdoor-seeker. Travelers on the Trail can go out for the day from a number of landing for one-day, two-day or longer trips. You may never get closer to wildlife than you can in the trail’s intimate creeks and bayous. Floating and land-based campsites and platforms have been established to provide canoe and kayak travelers with accommodations for eight or less, though at Dead Lake Island the platforms can accommodate larger groups. Reservations must be made online at Excellent maps with detailed preparation information are free by request by calling or writing Alabama’s Delta Five Rivers Resource Center, 30945 Five Rivers Boulevard, Spanish Fort, Alabama 36527. The telephone number at the facility is 251 625 0814.

Click here to see ASRT's complete guide to the Bartram Canoe Trail here. Complete with all trip information and downloadable, printable maps.

Bartram Canoe Trail Suggested Trips

Set up a Floating Camp on the Bartram Canoe Trail.Winding through a dazzling maze of estuarine marshes and cypress swamps, the Bartram Canoe Trail features a series of land-based and floating campsites that can be linked together into an epic multi-day float trip that should be on any paddler's lifetime list.
Plan your trip: While the paddling is not difficult, navigating the capillaries of these bayous can be tricky, so either plan well or consider hiring a guide. If you do it yourself, make reservations well in advance, and take heed that you must pack in toilets and pack out waste (they check). Floating platforms require reservations, land­ based campsites do not.
Five Rivers Delta Resource Center
30945 Five Rivers Boulevard, Spanish Fort AL 36527 251 625 0814
Sunshine Canoe Rentals (gear and guide) 251 367 4144

The Mobile County River Delta Marina

New access to the delta’s waters by powerboat is underway near Mobile. Paddlers are welcome, too, and paddleboats are rented there. Known now as the Mobile County River Delta Marina, it’s on one of the last bodies of water you’re near when heading south on I-65 and it provides great access to the Mobile and Tensaw Rivers and all the spidery waterways that connect them across the delta. It was formerly known as Dead Lake Marina, and in fact is located near Dead Lake (one of them, anyway, as there are several in the region) and Big Bayou Canot not far from the Mobile River. The marina offers launching, full service camping, covered docks, open docks, canoe rentals and more. A new, clean delta welcome center is soon to open. The marina is not far from the Mark Reynolds North Mobile County Airport. To find the Mobile County River Delta Marina, take exit 22 from I-65 towards Creola and follow the signs. The Marina is about four miles from the Interstate. Contact the marina by calling 251 574 2267

On the trail of William Bartram—literally

William Bartram was the son of an English naturalist living in Philadelphia in the years leading up to the American Revolution. The elder Bartram, in fact, designed that city’s botanical gardens and was co-founder with Benjamin Franklin of the American Philosophical Society. William, no doubt through his father’s influence with King George III, landed the job of traveling though the American southeast and cataloging every new botanical species he could find, and sending many to his father and the King in the many trunks and boxes he traveled with. Young William turned out to be more than an apt botanist. He was a keen observer, a man cut out to adapt to travel through the rough and wild country and a skillful dealer with the Indians he encountered. His book, The Travels of William Bartram, is still a well-loved treasure over 230 years after it was written. Readers of the book Cold Mountain will remember that the book was the sole comfort for the main character’s tour of duty with the Confederate army. William’s observations of the Seminole, Creek, and Cherokee Indians he encountered offer some of the most enlightened glimpses into their cultures that we possess. His diligence in seeking details of the local flora earned him is Indian name Puc Puggy, or Flower Hunter, a title that must have made some of William’s introductions falling-down funny to his hosts.

Bartram traveled the old roads to Natchez and then returned to Charleston where his journey began, passing through the beautiful Stockton area with its spreading oaks which no doubt elicited the same response from Bartram as they do from us. It is near Stockton that he discovered the evening primrose. He surely traveled these streams by canoe, and the trail that leads through them today is an appropriate namesake for this great figure.

The tides of the Delta

To inlanders, the tides seem to be the most mysterious and vexing part of coastal boating because they are its least understood component. Many have heard the stories and lore of kayakers whisked out to sea, pursued by rescue craft unable to catch up with them for a frighteningly long while.

These stories are true enough in other parts, but the tides don’t exert so much influence on the waters of the Mobile-Tensaw Delta. In fact, the most dangerous aspect of low tide in the bay—especially near the causeway—is the chop set up by winds in the shallow waters.

And not only does the tide vary by time of day, it varies by depth. Tides everywhere are caused by the tug of the moon’s gravity on the earth’s water. Tides are apt to be greatest nearest a full moon and less when the moon is darker. There is about a 20-30 minute difference between the times of the tides from one day to another. In other words, if high tide is at 4:00 on Monday, you can expect the water to start going out at about 4:20 to 4:30 on Tuesday, the day after.

The farther up the Delta, the Alabama, and the Tombigbee Rivers you travel (there are no dams on the Alabama below Claiborne and no dams on the Tombigbee below Coffeeville), the less the water is affected by the tides from the Gulf, but the effect is there. No matter where you are below these dams, you need to be aware that whatever obstacles are exposed to snag your boat at normal water, the effect will be worse at low tide. When water is running high because of rain, high tide can kick in an element of danger that would otherwise not be present.

Is there a magic tide depth number to look for when planning to get on the water? According to Officer Jeremy Doss, the State Lands Division employee who’s out nearly every day with a boat and a chainsaw to see that the Bartram Canoe Trail area is kept clean and safe, the answer is no. He advises to watch local TV weather before you go out because the coastal stations show the tide as part of the weather. If those numbers don’t mean much to you because if your inexperience with tides, Officer Doss strongly suggests stopping in at local stores, bait shops and marinas. You’ll find the best-informed opinions there.

Another angle is suggested on the tour maps issued for the Bartram Canoe Trail. The maps list the number for the US Army Corps of Engineers lockmaster at Claiborne Dam (1 888 771 4601), where river depth at the dam is logged. The maps list the optimum range of depth at Claiborne as it affects each segment of the Canoe Trail. This is a roundabout way of knowing the general water level, not limited to tidal levels, but above or below which the waterway is considered unsafe.

The Internet offers a number of options for those who just want the numbers without the advice (search “Alabama gulf tide” or similar). The website offers a tide chart for hundreds of sites from Florida to Texas. Two-day information is presented along with sunrise, moonrise, sunset and moonset. The site also features a tide predictor for each area that shows the expected tides in time windows up to a month, with calculations extending out for quite a few years. The predictor allows you to customize various colors for day or night tides, rising or falling levels, and other elements. I found a listing for Lower Bryant Landing on the Tensaw River that looked just like the kind of information you could plan a good trip around.

While the site offers no tide predictor, the accuracy and easy-to-read format provides a chart of the water levels during different times of the day over a three-day period at the National Weather Service’s (or simply go to and search for “tides”).

The most direct route south through the delta without taking a side trips on the Bartram Canoe Trail is to follow the Alabama River to mile zero at its confluence with the Tombigbee and the beginning of the Mobile River. Powerboats with adequate fuel may be happy to continue the Mobile River into Mobile Bay but paddleboats will not. There is no place to get in or out of your boat here, and the closer to Mobile the closer to the traffic of the shipping channels. Rather than follow the Alabama to the Mobile, most boaters will want to take the few miles of the Mobile that lead to the mouth of the Tensaw, then follow the Tensaw or waterways such as Middle River, Bottle Creek, Big Lizard Creek, Little Lizard Creek and others leading to the eastern shore of the bay.

As mentioned in the section covering the Bartram Canoe Trail, this area is already networked with many places to camp and sights to see, with more on the way. Ultimately, canoe, kayak and powerboat trips will begin at the northern end of the Bartram Canoe Trail near Stockton and end at the Five Rivers facility near Spanish Fort, a distance of thirty miles over the delta.

The area between the turnoff onto the Tensaw and the eastern bay shore is rich with opportunities to see and experience some of the wildest places on the continent.

Continuing though Bartram Canoe Trail territory are Rice Creek Landing, Upper Bryant Landing, Cliff’s Landing and Hurricane Landing (all accessible from the river and Highway 225) to the bottom of Gravine Island in the Tensaw. Below Gravine Island are Cloverleaf Launch and Landing, Blakeley State Park, Scott’s Landing, Five Rivers Delta Resource Center and Meaher State Park before passing under the causeway and into Mobile Bay.

Of these potential stops along the rivers between the Alabama and Mobile Bay, three—Historic Blakeley State Park, Five Rivers Delta Resource Center, and Meaher State Park—deserve special consideration.

Historic Blakeley State Park

About a mile south of the southern tip of Gravine Island on the Tensaw River is Historic Blakeley State Park, a stopover that is among the most history- and botanically-rich along all the state’s rivers. Founded in 1814, the deep-water port of the town supported a population and economy that boomed following its designation as an American Port of Entry. The town, in fact, was considered to be part of Mobile until a separate Baldwin County was created in 1820. The town fell into decline after several yellow fever epidemics.

The town saw vicious fighting during the last battle of the Civil War. The breastworks, redoubts and headquarter left behind are virtually untouched and remain some of the finest examples of earthen civil war fortifications in the nation. A an oak near the town still stands whose open trunk once sheltered fleeing confederate soldiers for a brief part of the night after the battle before they were found. Civil war re-enactments are an important part of the park’s activities. There is enough to see at Blakeley State Park that a modest survey could take several days.

Plenty of walking and nature trails are to be found beneath the parks breathtaking live oaks; two trails lead to the enormous Cockleshell Indian Mound, built of the remnants of centuries of occupation. A quarter-mile-long boardwalk traverses the town’s old waterfront. Fifty species of plants are identified along one marked nature trail along the Tensaw riverfront alone.

The dock near the riverfront is home to the 50-passenger eco-tourboat Delta Explorer. Licensed Coast Guard captains operate the craft from Blakeley State Park and offer a wonderful introduction to the delta’s waterways.

All powerboats (including airboats) are prohibited from operating out of the park. Experienced paddlers coming downstream on the Alabama Scenic River Trail are welcome to put-in and re-launch from Blakeley Park’s concrete ramp at the stern of the Delta Explorer. Advance reservations are required by calling 251 626 5581. Visa and Mastercard accepted. Day use rates are $6 for boat and $3 per passenger. Paddlers may tent camp right at the riverfront for $15 for up to two boats and two persons. Paddlers are welcome to use park facilities. Spacious primitive campsites with fire rings and picnic tables are available at the same rate a half-mile walk from the waterfront. For special permission use of the Blakeley ramp and waterfront for group activities or recognized organizations of experienced paddlers, call 251 626 0798.

Five Rivers Delta Resource Center

Five Rivers Delta Resource Center in Spanish Fort is one of the finest representations of what a state has done for its citizens and its natural capital. Lying almost in the afternoon shadow of the buildings of downtown Mobile, the complex of buildings and water access was created by Alabama State Lands Division as a gateway to outdoor recreation, conservation education and land stewardship in the delta. Five Rivers provides unprecedented access to the delta’s public lands and underscores the efforts of the Alabama Forever Wild program, which has purchased over 50,000 acres in the delta over the past ten years.

There are docks aplenty at Five Rivers. Coming down the Blakeley, Sardine pass will appear on your right. The position of the pass may make it necessary to go a bit past the mouth to make sure you’re looking up it. Across the Blakeley to your left is the inlet to Bay Minette.

Paddling or cruising up Sardine pass, the facility’s imposing motorboat docks appear on your left with the lodge-like buildings above them. A short paddle around the bend is Bartram Landing, the floating canoe and kayak dock connected by a walkway to a paved loading zone and public restrooms. The dock is Americans Disabilities Act-compliant.

Visitors to the facility can climb the steps to the spacious decks that connect the three buildings of the Nature Center Complex containing the gift shop, exhibit hall, theater (90 seats with HD video and surround-sound) and administrative offices. The Longleaf Room at Delta Hall, a spacious and attractive entertaining facility, is rented for private functions. Flyfishing programs, canoe and kayak lessons, wilderness survival training and seafood cooking demonstrations are typical Five Rivers outdoor opportunities that the public can enjoy.

Of all the things that this one-of-a-kind facility provides, the best may be access to the delta itself. Driving into the facility will lead first to the Shellbank Visitors Center where the staff introduces new visitors to the delta and will assist in planning your delta experience. Spend an informative few minutes inside to know what opportunities away you through the Five Rivers programs as well as other nature-based tourism throughout coastal Alabama. Get on the water in minutes by renting your choice of paddleboat or explore the delta from a seat on the facility’s eco-tour boat or and airboat ride.

Heading west from Spanish Fort on Highway 98 (the causeway, it’s called locally) the entrance to Five Rivers will be seen soon on the right after a small development. The entrance is directly is across the road from Meaher State Park. For information or to rent a boat call 251 625 0814.

Meaher State Park

Above: Meaher State Park pier. Photo by Charles Seifried.

When you ask local in the region of the eastern shore of Mobile bay where the most popular takeout is for folks paddling downriver—because with the tide and the current together, that’s all most people should attempt—they almost always say “at the causeway.” That means Meaher State Park.

The park provides convenient access to the open bay and its shore. Here you can see pelicans slowing to a landing, crossing over the bow or your boat with one eye on you and the other on a potential landing site. They sometimes come so close that you can almost feel on your face the air under their wings canted for braking; you can observe every feather. Pelicans trust a boater much more than a landlubber. You can paddle all the way to the causeway and still see your car parked on the shore.

Beware of the park's unusually early closing hour of 4:00 pm (No, that's not a typo) when both gate access and the campground host become unavailable.

Even if you don’t get to spend the night here, the day use aspects of the park are an outstanding value for paddlers. For a mere dollar, you can drive right in, take the blacktop road to the right onto the grassy park by the pier, and slip your boat into the water without even getting your shoes dirty. Paddle all day in the bay without worrying about your car or finding your way back. Leaving the launch area, head around to your left and paddle under the elevated birding boardwalk. Once under the pilings, watch to your left for the best pelican feeding action on the gulf as the huge birds dip mechanically into the clear, shallow water for a seafood smorgasbord.

From this area you will see double concrete ramps with a short piece of pier between them. This ramp and its spacious parking lot is the place to launch a powerboat. And it’s free. The entrance is the road that runs adjacent to the park’s RV storage nearest the causeway. Boater launching from this ramp will pass under the elevated boardwalk to enter the waters of Mobile Bay.

Above: The facilities at Five Rivers Delta Resource Center and Meaher State Park are nearly adjacent, divided by the Causeway (Highway 98/90).

Meaher State Park is easy to find. Just head west from Spanish Fort on Highway 98 (the causeway, it’s called locally) and it’s the first left turn. Five Rivers is across the road on the right. Contact the park for information or reservations at 251 626 5529.

From Mobile bay, Spanish River leads up into the magical worlds of Chuckfee Bay, Grand Bay and Delvan Bay. Chacaloochee Bay and Big Bateau Bay are accessible from the causeway and lie about halfway between Mobile and Spanish Fort. The Apalachee River and the Blakeley River split the Tensaw at bell-shaped Big Island where the causeway crosses it near Spanish Fort and empties into the bay below the Five Rivers Delta Resource Center and Meaher State Park.

Fort Morgan and the end of the trail

If you’re traveling on the Alabama Scenic River Trail, you’re paddling the last miles of a trip that may have brought you from as far away as the Georgia state line some 600 miles away. To finish the trail at its terminus near Ft. Morgan on the tip of the Ft. Morgan peninsula, the paddler will need another night or two to sleep and rest before climbing out at the Ft. Morgan Public Landing near the ferry terminal. Accommodations on the eastern shore of Mobile bay are difficult to come by, but assistance can be had from the paddling community who can help you at The association’s guidebooks provide reasonably up-to-date information, but the web and the contact you will find there will have the up-to-the-minute last word on the subject. The problem for the paddler is that the coastal towns south of Spanish Fort don’t bother to provide adequate access for boaters not owning their own dock or having membership in a yacht club. Virtually no land suitable for put-ins or take-outs has escaped the intentions of coastal developers. That said, there are places to stop and even to stay. You just have to check in with to discover them.

Beyond the end of the trail...

East of Fort Morgan, in Orange Beach, the Parks and Recreation Department has created a very nice trail that provides a great tour of the area. The Parks and Rec website is here with a downloadable PDF of the trail, and another interactive website with a live map can be found here.


Float under a canopy of trees and discover the legendary “ice box” on the Bon Secour River where you can park your boat and take a refreshing swim in cool waters. Glide along bays and bayous. See Bald Eagles in flight, Osprey along the shore, and Dolphins playfully breaking the water’s surface. With over 250,000 acres of wetlands, woodlands and waterways, kayaking throughout Gulf Shores is an experience like no other.

For a fantastic self-guided tour, the Orange Beach Kayak & Canoe Trail includes 10 official launch points around Orange Beach. To download online maps, go to: and

Guided tours are reasonably priced with kayak and safety equipment included. Here are three popular choices:

  • Beach’n River Canoe & Kayak Rental features on-site launching just 100 yards from the breathtaking Bon Secour River. Visit
  • Alabama Kayak Adventures offers intriguing guided Eco-Tours along Alabama’s back bays and estuary systems. Go to:
  • Five Rivers Bartram Canoe & Kayak Landing features adventures along the beautiful Mobile-Tensaw Delta, the second biggest river delta in the USA. Visit